29th Chapter Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana

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    Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana

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    Chapter One Overview

    The initial part of First Chapter begins with prayers and introduces the Divine Lineage of the wisdom of Ayurveda.

    This describes how ancient sages noticed the increasing tendency of attracting disorders in common people and then held a symposium in Himalayan region and decided to bring Ayurveda wisdom for the masses.

    This section can be further divided into these subsections…

    1. General Introduction of Chapter
    2. The Divine Lineage of Ayurveda
    3. The Himalayan Summit of Pious Sages
    4. Their Deciding to Send Sage Bhardwaj to Indra
    5. Sage Bhardwaj going to Indra and receiving Ayurveda
    6. Basic Nature of Ayurveda
    7. Significance and Benefit Received by Other Sages from Ayurveda Wisdom

    Second section deals with one of the most important topics in entire Ayurveda – Fundamental Principles of Ayurveda. This is truly the foundation for learning Ayurveda.

    The part introduces the framework that supports all the concepts and later practices of Ayurveda in a cohesive and integral manner. This is like the invisible thread inside the chain of pearls.

    1. Definition of Ayurveda
    2. Defining Life
    3. Fundamental Principles – The Six Substances – Matter, Attributes, Activity, Generality, Differentiation, Inherent Nature
    4. Three Doshas – Vata, Pitta and Kapha
    5. Three Primary Attributes – Satva, Rajas, Tamas

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    ” Athaikonatriṃśodhyāyaḥ”

    1st verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 29

    ” Athāto daśaprāṇāyatanīyamadhyāyaṃ vyākhyāsyāmaḥ || 1| “

    2nd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 29

    ” Iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ || 2||”

    3rd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 29

    ” Daśaivāyatanānyāhuḥ prāṇā yeṣu pratiśṭhatāḥ |
    Śaṃkhau marmatrayaṃ kaṇṭho raktaṃ śukraujasī gudam || 3||”

    4th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 29

    ” Tānīndriyāṇi vijῆānaṃ cetanāhetumāmayān |
    jānīte yaḥ sa vai vidvān prāṇābhisara ucyate || 4||”

    5th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 29

    ” Dvividhāstu khalu bhiṣajo bhavantyagniveśa |
    prāṇānāmekebhisarā hantāro rogāṇāṃ, rogāṇāmekebhisarvā hantāraḥ prāṇānāmiti || 5||”

    6th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 29

    ” Evaṃvādinaṃ bhagavantamātreyamagniveśā uvāca-bhagavaṃste kathamasmābhirveditavyā bhaveyuriti || 6||”

    7th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 29

    ” Bhagavānuvāca – ya ime kulīnāḥ paryavadātaśrutāḥ paridṛśṭakarmāṇo dakṣāḥ śucayo jitahastā jitātmānaḥ sarvāpakaranavantaḥ sarvendriyopapannāḥ prakṛtijῆāḥ] pratipattijῆāśca te jῆeyāḥ prāṇānāmabhisarā hantāro rogāṇām tathāvidhā hi kevale śarīrajῆāne Śarīrābhinirvṛttijῆāne prakṛtivikārajῆāne ca, niḥsaṃśayā sukhasādhyakṛcchrasādhyayāpyapratyākhyeyānāṃ ca rogāṇāṃ samutthānapūrvarūpalīṃgavedanopaśāyaviśeṣājῆāne vyapagatasandehā, trividhasyāyurvadasutrasya sasaṅgrahavyākaraṇasya satrividhauṣadhagrāmasya pravaktāraḥ, paῆcatriṃśato mūlapahālāṃ caturṇāṃ ca snehānāṃ pancānāṃ ca lavaṇānāmaṣṭānāṃ mūtrāṇāmaṣṭānāṃ ca kṣīrāṇāṃ kṣīratvagvṛakṣāṇāṃ ca ṣaṇṇāṃ śrivirecanādeśca pancakarmāśryasyauṣadhagaṇsyāṣṭāviṃśateśca yavāgūnāṃ dvitriṃśataścurṇapradehānāṃ ṣaṇṇāṃ ca verecanaśatānāṃ paῆcānāṃ ca kāṣāyaśatānāṃ prayoktaraḥ, svasthavṛattavihitabhojanapānaniyamasthānacaṅkramaṇa-śayanāsanamātrādravyāṇjanadhūmanāvanābhyaῆjanaparimarjanavegā- vidhāraṇavyāyāmasātmyendriyaparīkṣopakramaṇāsadvṛttakuśalāḥ catuṣpādopagṛhīte ca bheṣaje ṣoḍaśakale saviniścaye satriparyeśane savātakalākalajῆāne vyapagatasandehaḥ, caturvidhasya ca snehasya caturviśatyupanayasyopakalpanīyasya catuḥśaṣtiparyantasya ca Vyavasthāpayitāraḥ, bahuvidhavidhānayuktānāṃ ca snehyasvedhavamyavirecyavividhauṣadhopacārāṇāṃ ca kuśalāḥ śirorogāderdoṣāṃśavikalpajasya ca vyādhisaṅgrahasya sakṣayapiḍakāvidradhestrayāṇāṃ ca śophānāṃ bahuvidhaśopanubandhānāmaṣṭācatvāriṃśataśaca rogādhikarāṇāṃ catvāriṃśaduttarasya ca nānātmajasya tathā vigarhitātisthūlātikṛśānāṃ sahetulakṣaṇopakramāṇāṃ svapanasya ca hitāhitasyāsvapnātisvapnasya ca shetūpakramasya ṣaṇṇāṃ ca laṅghanādīnāmupakramāṇāṃ santarpaṇāpatarpaṇajānāṃ ca rogāṇāṃ sarūpapraśamanānāṃ śoṇitajānāṃ ca vyādhīnāṃ madamūrcchayasaṃnyāsānāṃ ca sakāraṇasrūpauṣadhopacārāṇāṃ kuśalāḥ kuśalāścāhārāvidhiviniścayasya prakṛtyā ca hitāhitānāmāhāravikārāṇāmagrayasaṅgrahasyāsavānāṃ ca caturaśīterdravyaguṇakarmaviniścayasya rasānurasasaṃśrayasya savikalpakavairodhikasya dvādaśavargāśrayasya cānnapānasya saguṇaprabhāvasya sānupānaguṇāsya navavidhasyārthasaḍgrahasyāhāragateśca hitāhitopayogaviśeśātmakasya ca śubhāśubhaviśeṣasya dhātvāśrayāṇāṃ ca rogāṇāṃ sauṣādhasaṅagrāhāṇāṃ daśānāṃ ca prāṇāyatanānāṃ yaṃ ca vakṣyāmyarthedaśamahāmūlīyai triṃśattamādhyāye tatra ca kṛtsnasya tantroddeśalakṣaṇasya tantrasya ca grahaṇādhāraṇavijῆānaprayogakarmakāryakālakartṛkaraṇakuśalāḥ, kuśalāśca smṛtimatiśāstrayuktijῆasyātmanaḥ śīlaguṇairavisaṃvādanena ca sampādanena sarvapraṇiṣu cetaso maitrasya mātāpitṛbhrātṛbandhuvat evaṃyuktā bhavantyagniveś ! prāṇānāmabhisarā hantaro rogāṃṇāmiti || 7||”

    8th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 29

    ” Bhagavānuvāca – ya ime kulīnāḥ paryavadātaśrutāḥ paridṛśṭakarmāṇo dakṣāḥ śucayo jitahastā jitātmānaḥ sarvāpakaranavantaḥ sarvendriyopapannāḥ prakṛtijῆāḥ] pratipattijῆāśca te jῆeyāḥ prāṇānāmabhisarā hantāro rogāṇām tathāvidhā hi kevale śarīrajῆāne Śarīrābhinirvṛttijῆāne prakṛtivikārajῆāne ca, niḥsaṃśayā sukhasādhyakṛcchrasādhyayāpyapratyākhyeyānāṃ ca rogāṇāṃ samutthānapūrvarūpalīṃgavedanopaśāyaviśeṣājῆāne vyapagatasandehā, trividhasyāyurvadasutrasya sasaṅgrahavyākaraṇasya satrividhauṣadhagrāmasya pravaktāraḥ, “

    9th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 29

    ” paῆcatriṃśato mūlapahālāṃ caturṇāṃ ca snehānāṃ pancānāṃ ca lavaṇānāmaṣṭānāṃ mūtrāṇāmaṣṭānāṃ ca kṣīrāṇāṃ kṣīratvagvṛakṣāṇāṃ ca ṣaṇṇāṃ śrivirecanādeśca pancakarmāśryasyauṣadhagaṇsyāṣṭāviṃśateśca yavāgūnāṃ dvitriṃśataścurṇapradehānāṃ ṣaṇṇāṃ ca verecanaśatānāṃ paῆcānāṃ ca kāṣāyaśatānāṃ prayoktaraḥ, svasthavṛattavihitabhojanapānaniyamasthānacaṅkramaṇa-śayanāsanamātrādravyāṇjanadhūmanāvanābhyaῆjanaparimarjanavegā- vidhāraṇavyāyāmasātmyendriyaparīkṣopakramaṇāsadvṛttakuśalāḥ catuṣpādopagṛhīte ca bheṣaje ṣoḍaśakale saviniścaye satriparyeśane “

    10th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 29

    ” savātakalākalajῆāne vyapagatasandehaḥ, caturvidhasya ca snehasya caturviśatyupanayasyopakalpanīyasya catuḥśaṣtiparyantasya ca Vyavasthāpayitāraḥ, bahuvidhavidhānayuktānāṃ ca snehyasvedhavamyavirecyavividhauṣadhopacārāṇāṃ ca kuśalāḥ śirorogāderdoṣāṃśavikalpajasya ca vyādhisaṅgrahasya sakṣayapiḍakāvidradhestrayāṇāṃ ca śophānāṃ bahuvidhaśopanubandhānāmaṣṭācatvāriṃśataśaca rogādhikarāṇāṃ catvāriṃśaduttarasya ca nānātmajasya tathā vigarhitātisthūlātikṛśānāṃ sahetulakṣaṇopakramāṇāṃ svapanasya ca -“

    11th  verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 29

    ” hitāhitasyāsvapnātisvapnasya ca shetūpakramasya ṣaṇṇāṃ ca laṅghanādīnāmupakramāṇāṃ santarpaṇāpatarpaṇajānāṃ ca rogāṇāṃ sarūpapraśamanānāṃ śoṇitajānāṃ ca vyādhīnāṃ madamūrcchayasaṃnyāsānāṃ ca sakāraṇasrūpauṣadhopacārāṇāṃ kuśalāḥ kuśalāścāhārāvidhiviniścayasya prakṛtyā ca hitāhitānāmāhāravikārāṇāmagrayasaṅgrahasyāsavānāṃ ca caturaśīterdravyaguṇakarmaviniścayasya rasānurasasaṃśrayasya savikalpakavairodhikasya dvādaśavargāśrayasya cānnapānasya saguṇaprabhāvasya sānupānaguṇāsya “

    12th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 29

    ” navavidhasyārthasaḍgrahasyāhāragateśca hitāhitopayogaviśeśātmakasya ca śubhāśubhaviśeṣasya dhātvāśrayāṇāṃ ca rogāṇāṃ sauṣādhasaṅagrāhāṇāṃ daśānāṃ ca prāṇāyatanānāṃ yaṃ ca vakṣyāmyarthedaśamahāmūlīyai triṃśattamādhyāye tatra ca kṛtsnasya tantroddeśalakṣaṇasya tantrasya ca grahaṇādhāraṇavijῆānaprayogakarmakāryakālakartṛkaraṇakuśalāḥ, kuśalāśca smṛtimatiśāstrayuktijῆasyātmanaḥ śīlaguṇairavisaṃvādanena ca sampādanena sarvapraṇiṣu cetaso maitrasya mātāpitṛbhrātṛbandhuvat evaṃyuktā bhavantyagniveś ! prāṇānāmabhisarā hantaro rogāṃṇāmiti || 7|| “

    13th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 29

    ” Ato viparītā rogāṇāmabhisarā hantāraḥ prāṇānāṃ bhiṣakachabhapraticchannāḥ kaṇṭakabhūtā lokasya pratirūpakasadhrmāṇo rājῆāṃ pramādāccaranti rāṣṭrāṇi || 8|| “

    14th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 29

    ” Teśāmidaṃ viśeṣavijῆānaṃ bhavati- atyartha vaidhaveśena ślāghamānā viśikhāntaramanucaranti karmalobhāt śrutvā ca kasyacidāturyamamitaḥ paripatanti, saṃśravaṇe cāsyātmano vaidhaguṇānuccairvadanti, yaścāsya vaidhaḥ pratikarma karoti tasya ca doṣān muhurmuhurudāharanti, āturamitrāṇi ca praharṣaṇopajāpopasevādibhiricchantyātmīkartuṃ, svalpecchutāṃ cātmanaḥ khyāpayanti, karma cāsādha muhurmuhuravalokayanti dākṣyeṇājῆānamātmanaḥ pracchādayitukāmāḥ, vyādhiṃ cāpāvartayitumaśavanuvanto Vyādhitamevānupakaraṇamaparicārakamanātmavantamupadiśanti, antagataṃ cainamabhisamikṣyānyamāśrayanti deśamapadeśamātmanaḥ kṛtvā, prākṛtajanasannipāte cātmanaḥ kauśalamakuśalavadvarṇayanti, adhīravacca dhairyamapavadanti dhīrāṇāṃ, vidvajjanasannipātaṃ (cābhisamīkṣya) pratibhayamiva kāntāramadhyagāḥ pariharanti dūrāt yaścaiśāṃ kaścit sūtrāvayavo bhavatyupayuktastamaprakṛte prakṛtāntare va satatamudāharanti, ca cānuyogamicchantyanuyoktaṃ vā, mṛtyoriva cānuyogādudvijante, na caiṣāmācāryaḥ śiṣyaḥ sabrahamcārī vaivādiko vā kaśicat prajῆāyat iti || 9|| “

    15th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 29

    ” Teśāmidaṃ viśeṣavijῆānaṃ bhavati- atyartha vaidhaveśena ślāghamānā viśikhāntaramanucaranti karmalobhāt śrutvā ca kasyacidāturyamamitaḥ paripatanti, saṃśravaṇe cāsyātmano vaidhaguṇānuccairvadanti, yaścāsya vaidhaḥ pratikarma karoti tasya ca doṣān muhurmuhurudāharanti, āturamitrāṇi ca praharṣaṇopajāpopasevādibhiricchantyātmīkartuṃ, svalpecchutāṃ cātmanaḥ khyāpayanti, karma cāsādha muhurmuhuravalokayanti dākṣyeṇājῆānamātmanaḥ pracchādayitukāmāḥ, vyādhiṃ cāpāvartayitumaśavanuvanto Vyādhitamevānupakaraṇamaparicārakamanātmavantamupadiśanti, “

    16th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 29

    ” antagataṃ cainamabhisamikṣyānyamāśrayanti deśamapadeśamātmanaḥ kṛtvā, prākṛtajanasannipāte cātmanaḥ kauśalamakuśalavadvarṇayanti, adhīravacca dhairyamapavadanti dhīrāṇāṃ, vidvajjanasannipātaṃ (cābhisamīkṣya) pratibhayamiva kāntāramadhyagāḥ pariharanti dūrāt yaścaiśāṃ kaścit sūtrāvayavo bhavatyupayuktastamaprakṛte prakṛtāntare va satatamudāharanti, ca cānuyogamicchantyanuyoktaṃ vā, mṛtyoriva cānuyogādudvijante, na caiṣāmācāryaḥ śiṣyaḥ sabrahamcārī vaivādiko vā kaśicat prajῆāyat iti || 9|| “

    17th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 29

    ” Bhiṣakchabha praviśyaivaṃ vyādhitāṃstarkayanti ye |
    vītaṃsamiva saṃśritya vane śākuntiko dvijān || 10||”

    18th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 29

    ” śrudṛṣṭakriyākālāmātrājῆānabahiṣkṛtāḥ |
    varjanīyā hi te mṛtyoścarantyanucarā bhuvi || 11||”

    19th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 29

    ” Vṛttihetorbhiṣaṅmānapūrṇān mūrkhaviṣāradān |
    varjiyedāturo vidvān sarpāste pītamārutāḥ || 12||”

    20th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 29

    ” Ye tu śastravido dakṣāḥ śucayaḥ karmakovidāḥ |
    jitahastā jitātmānastebhyo nityaṃ kṛtaṃ namaḥ || 13||”

    21st  verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 29

    ” Ye tu Daśaprāṇāyatanike ślokasthānārthasaṅgrahaḥ |
    dvividhā bhiśajaścoktāḥ prāṇāsyāyatanāni ca || 14||”

    22nd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 29

    ” Ityagniveśakṛte tantre carakapratisaṃskṛte sūtrasthāne daśaprāṇāyatanīyo nāmaikonatriṃśodhyāyāḥ || 29||”

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    End of Chapter 1. Back to Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana. Chapter 2.

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