28th Chapter Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana

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    Chapter One Overview

    The initial part of First Chapter begins with prayers and introduces the Divine Lineage of the wisdom of Ayurveda.

    This describes how ancient sages noticed the increasing tendency of attracting disorders in common people and then held a symposium in Himalayan region and decided to bring Ayurveda wisdom for the masses.

    This section can be further divided into these subsections…

    1. General Introduction of Chapter
    2. The Divine Lineage of Ayurveda
    3. The Himalayan Summit of Pious Sages
    4. Their Deciding to Send Sage Bhardwaj to Indra
    5. Sage Bhardwaj going to Indra and receiving Ayurveda
    6. Basic Nature of Ayurveda
    7. Significance and Benefit Received by Other Sages from Ayurveda Wisdom

    Second section deals with one of the most important topics in entire Ayurveda – Fundamental Principles of Ayurveda. This is truly the foundation for learning Ayurveda.

    The part introduces the framework that supports all the concepts and later practices of Ayurveda in a cohesive and integral manner. This is like the invisible thread inside the chain of pearls.

    1. Definition of Ayurveda
    2. Defining Life
    3. Fundamental Principles – The Six Substances – Matter, Attributes, Activity, Generality, Differentiation, Inherent Nature
    4. Three Doshas – Vata, Pitta and Kapha
    5. Three Primary Attributes – Satva, Rajas, Tamas

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    ” Athāṣṭāviṃṣodhyāyaḥ “

    1st verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Athāto vividhāśitapītīyamadhyāyaṃ vyākhyāsyāmaḥ || 1||”

    2nd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ || 2||”

    3rd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Vividhamaśitaṃ pītaṃ līḍhaṃ khāditaṃ jantorhitamantaragnisandhukṣitabalena yathāsvenoṣmaṇā samyagvipacyamānaṃ kālavadanavasthitasarvadhātupākamanupahata- sarvadhātūṣmamārutasrotaḥ kevalaṃ śarīramupacayabalavarṇasukhāyuṣā yojayati śarīradhātūnūrjayati ca | dhātavo hi dhātvāhārāḥ prakṛtimanuvartante || 3||”

    4th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Tatrāhāraprasādākhayo rasaḥ kittaṃ ca malākhyamabhinirvartate | kittāt svedamūtrapurīṣavātapittaśleṣmāṇaḥ karṇākṣinvsikāsyalomakūpaprajananamalāḥ keśaśmaśrulomanakhādayaścāvayavāḥ puṣyanti | puṣyanti tvāhārarasād rasarudhiramāṃsamedosthimajjaśukraujāṃsi paῆcendriyadravyāṇi dhātuprasādasaṃjῆakāni śarīrasandhibandhana picchādayaścāvayavāḥ | te sarva eva dhātavo malākhyāḥ prasādākhyāśca rasamalābhyāṃ puśyantaḥ svaṃ mānamanuvartante yathāvayaḥ śarīram | evaṃ rasamalau svapramāṇāvasthitāvāśrayasya samadhātordhātusāmyamanuvartayataḥ | nimittatastu kṣīṇāvṛaddhānāṃ prasādākhyānāṃ dhātūnāṃ vṛddhikṣayābhyāmāhāramūlābhyāṃ rasaḥ sāmyamutpādayatyārogyāya kittaṃ ca malānāmevameva |svamānātiriktāḥ punarutsargiṇaḥ śītoṣṇaparyayaguṇaiścopacaryamāṇā malāḥ śarīradhātusāmyakarāḥ samupalabhyante || 4||”

    5th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Tatrāhāraprasādākhayo rasaḥ kittaṃ ca malākhyamabhinirvartate | kittāt svedamūtrapurīṣavātapittaśleṣmāṇaḥ karṇākṣinvsikāsyalomakūpaprajananamalāḥ keśaśmaśrulomanakhādayaścāvayavāḥ puṣyanti | puṣyanti tvāhārarasād rasarudhiramāṃsamedosthimajjaśukraujāṃsi paῆcendriyadravyāṇi dhātuprasādasaṃjῆakāni śarīrasandhibandhana picchādayaścāvayavāḥ |”

    6th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Te sarva eva dhātavo malākhyāḥ prasādākhyāśca rasamalābhyāṃ puśyantaḥ svaṃ mānamanuvartante yathāvayaḥ śarīram | evaṃ rasamalau svapramāṇāvasthitāvāśrayasya samadhātordhātusāmyamanuvartayataḥ | nimittatastu kṣīṇāvṛaddhānāṃ prasādākhyānāṃ dhātūnāṃ vṛddhikṣayābhyāmāhāramūlābhyāṃ rasaḥ sāmyamutpādayatyārogyāya kittaṃ ca malānāmevameva |svamānātiriktāḥ punarutsargiṇaḥ śītoṣṇaparyayaguṇaiścopacaryamāṇā malāḥ śarīradhātusāmyakarāḥ samupalabhyante || 4||”

    7th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Teṣāṃ tu malaprasādākhyānāṃ dhātūnāṃ srotāṃsyayanamukhāni | tāni yathāvibhāgena yathāsvaṃ dhātūnāpūrayanti | evamidaṃ śarīramaśitapītalīḍhakhāditaprabhavam | aśitapītaliḍhakhāditaprabhavāścāsmin śarire vyādhayo bhavanti | hitāhitopayogaviśeṣāstvatra śubhāśubhaviśeṣakarā bhavantīti || 5||”

    8th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Evaṃ vādinaṃ bhagavantamātreyamagniveśa uvāca-dṛśyante hi bhagavan ! hitasamākhyātamapyāhāramupayuῆjānā vyādhimantaścāgadāśca, tathaivāhitasamākhyātamḥ evaṃ dṛaṣṭe kathaṃ hitāhitopayogaviśeṣātmakaṃ subhāsubhaviśeṣamupalabhāmaha iti || 6|| “

    9th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Tamuvāca bhagavānātreyaḥ – na hitāhāropayogināmagniveśa! Tannimattā vyādhayo jāyante, na ca kevalaṃ hitāhāropayogādeva sarvavyādhibhayamatikrāntaṃ bhavati, santi hyṛatepyahitāhāropayogādanyā rogaprakṛtayaḥ, tadhathā-kālaviparyayaḥ, prajῆāparādhaḥ, śabdasparśarūparasagandhāṣca-sātmyā iti | tāśca rogaprakṛtayo rasān samyagupayuῆjānamapi puruṣamaśubhenopapādayanti; tasmāddhitahāropayoginopi dṛśyante vyādhimantaḥ ahitāhāropayogināṃ punaḥ kāraṇato na sadho doṣavān bhavatyapacāraḥ | na hi sarvaṇyapathyāni tulyadoṣaṇi, na ca sarve doṣāstulyabalāḥ, na ca sarvāṇi sarīrāṇi vyādhikṣamatve samarthāni bhavanti | tadeva hyapathyaṃ deśakālasayogavīryapramāṇātiyogād bhūyastaramapathyaṃ sampadhate | sa eva doṣaḥ sasṛṣṭayonirviruddhopakramo gambhīrānugataścirasthitaḥ prāṇāyatanasamuttho marmopaghāti kaṣṭataḥ kṣiprakaritamaśca sampadhate | śarīraṇi cātisthūlānyatikṛaśānyaniviṣṭamāṃsaśoṇitāsthīni durbālanyasātmyāhāropacitānyalpāhārāṇyalpasattvāni ca bhavantyavyādhisahāni, viparītāni punarvyādhisahāni| ebhyaścaivāpathyāhāra doṣāśarīraviśeṣebhyo vyādhayo mṛdavo dāruṇāḥ kṣiprasamutthāścirakāriṇaśca bhavanti | ta eva vātapittaśleṣmāṇaḥ sthānaviśeṣe prakupitā vyādhiveśeṣānabhinirvartayantyagniveśa ! || 7||”

    10th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Tamuvāca bhagavānātreyaḥ – na hitāhāropayogināmagniveśa! Tannimattā vyādhayo jāyante, na ca kevalaṃ hitāhāropayogādeva sarvavyādhibhayamatikrāntaṃ bhavati, santi hyṛatepyahitāhāropayogādanyā rogaprakṛtayaḥ, tadhathā-kālaviparyayaḥ, prajῆāparādhaḥ, śabdasparśarūparasagandhāṣca-sātmyā iti | tāśca rogaprakṛtayo rasān samyagupayuῆjānamapi puruṣamaśubhenopapādayanti; “

    11th  verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” tasmāddhitahāropayoginopi dṛśyante vyādhimantaḥ ahitāhāropayogināṃ punaḥ kāraṇato na sadho doṣavān bhavatyapacāraḥ | na hi sarvaṇyapathyāni tulyadoṣaṇi, na ca sarve doṣāstulyabalāḥ, na ca sarvāṇi sarīrāṇi vyādhikṣamatve samarthāni bhavanti | tadeva hyapathyaṃ deśakālasayogavīryapramāṇātiyogād bhūyastaramapathyaṃ sampadhate | sa eva doṣaḥ sasṛṣṭayonirviruddhopakramo gambhīrānugataścirasthitaḥ”

    12th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” prāṇāyatanasamuttho marmopaghāti kaṣṭataḥ kṣiprakaritamaśca sampadhate | śarīraṇi cātisthūlānyatikṛaśānyaniviṣṭamāṃsaśoṇitāsthīni durbālanyasātmyāhāropacitānyalpāhārāṇyalpasattvāni ca bhavantyavyādhisahāni, viparītāni punarvyādhisahāni| ebhyaścaivāpathyāhāra doṣāśarīraviśeṣebhyo vyādhayo mṛdavo dāruṇāḥ kṣiprasamutthāścirakāriṇaśca bhavanti | ta eva vātapittaśleṣmāṇaḥ sthānaviśeṣe prakupitā vyādhiveśeṣānabhinirvartayantyagniveśa ! || 7|| “

    13th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Tatra rasādiṣu sthāneṣu prakupitānāṃ doṣāṇāṃ yasmin sthāne ye ye vyādhayaḥ sambhavanti tāṃstān yathāvadanuvyākhyāsyāmaḥ || 8||”

    14th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Araddhā cāruciścāsyabairasyamarasajῆatā | hṛallāso gauravaṃ tandrā sāṃgamardo jvarastamaḥ || 9||”

    15th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Pāṇdutvaṃ srotasāṃ rodhaḥ klaivyaṃ sādaḥ kṛśāṃgatā | nāśognerayathākālaṃ valayaḥ palitāni ca || 10||”

    16th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Rasapradoṣajā rogā vakṣyante raktadośajāḥ | kuṣṭhavīsarpapiḍakā raktapittamasṛagdaraḥ || 11||”

    17th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Gudameḍhrāsyapākaṣca plīhā gulmotha vidradhiḥ | nīlikā kāmalā vyaṃgaḥ piplavastilakālakāḥ || 12||”

    18th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Dadruśacarmadalaṃ śvitraṃ pāmā kothāsramaṇḍalam | raktapradoṣājjāyante śṛṇu māṃsapradośajān || 13||”

    19th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Adhimāṃsārbudaṃ kīlaṃ galaśālūkaśuṇḍake | pūtimāṃsālajīgaṇḍamālopajihvikā || 14||”

    20th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Vidhānmāṃsāśrayān medaḥsaṃśrayāṃstu pracakṣmahe | ninditāni pramehāṇāṃ pūrvarūpāṇi yāni ca || 15||”

    21st  verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Adhayasthidantau dantāsthibhedaśūlaṃ vivarṇatā | keśalomanakhaśamaśrudoṣāścāsthipradoṣajāḥ || 16||”

    22nd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Ruka parvaṇāṃ bhramo mūrcchā darśanaṃ tamasastathā | aruṣāṃ sthūlamūlānāṃ parvājānāṃ ca darśanam || 17||”

    23rd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Majjāpradoṣāt śukrasya doṣāte klaivyamaharṣaṇam | rogi va klībamalpāyurvirūpaṃ vā prajāyate || 18||”

    24th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Na cāsya jāyate garbhaḥ patati prasravatyapi | sukraṃ hi duṣṭaṃ sāpatyaṃ sadāraṃ bādhate naram || 19||”

    25th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Indriyāṇi samāśritya prakupyanti yadamalāḥ | upaghātopatāpābhyāṃ yojayantīndriyāṇi ye || 20||”

    26th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Snāyau sirākaṇḍarābhyo duṣṭāḥ kliśnanti mānavam | stambhasaṃkocakhallībhirgranthisphuraṇasuptibhiḥ || 21||”

    27th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Mālanāśrtya kupitā bhedaśoṣapradūṣaṇam | doṣā malanāṃ kurvanti saṃgotsargāvatīva ca || 22||”

    28th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Vividhādaśitāt pitādahitāllīḍhakhāditāt | bhavantyete manuṣyaṇāṃ vikārā ya udāhratāḥ || 23||”

    29th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Teṣāmicchannanutpattiṃ seveta matimān sadā | hitānyevāsitadīni na syustajjāstathāmayāḥ || 24||”

    30th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Rasajānāṃ vikārāṇāṃ sarva laṃganamauṣadham | vidhiśoṇitikedhyāye ratkajānāṃ bhiṣagjitam || 25||”

    31st verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Māṃsajānāṃ tu saṃśuddhiḥ śastrakṣārāgnikarma ca | aṣtai ninditikedhyāye medojānāṃ cikitsatam || 26||”

    32th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Asthyāśryāṇāṃ vyādhīnāṃ paῆcakarmāṇi bheṣajam | bastayaḥ kṣīrasarpīṃṣi taktakopahitāni ca || 27||”

    33rd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Majjaśukrāsamutthānāmauṣadhaṃ svādutiktakam | annaṃ vyavāyavyāyāmau śuddhi kāle ca mātrayā || 28||”

    34th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Śāntirindriyajānāṃ tu trimarmiye pravakṣyate | snāyvādijānāṃ praśamo vakṣyate vātarogike || 29||”

    35th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Navegāndhāraṇedhyāye cikitsāsaṅgrahaḥ kṛtaḥ | malajānāṃ vikārāṇāṃ sidhiścoktā kvacit kvacit || 30||”

    36th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Vyāyāmadūṣmaṇastaikṣṇyāddhitasyānavācāraṇāt | koṣṭhācchākhā malā yānti drutatvānmārutasya ca || 31||”

    37th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Tatrasthāśca vilambante kadācinna samīritāḥ | nādeśkale kupyanti bhūyo hetupratīkṣiṇaḥ || 32||”

    38th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Ajātānāmanutpattau jātānāṃ vinivṛttaye | rogāṇāṃ yo vidhirdṛṣṭaḥ sukhārthi taṃ samācaret || 34||”

    39th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Sukhārthāḥ surbhūtānāṃ matāḥ sarvāḥ pravṛttayaḥ | jῆānājῆānāviśeṣāttu mārgāmārgapravṛttayaḥ || 35||”

    40th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Hitamevānurudhyante prparīkṣkāḥ | rajomohāvṛtātmānaḥ priyameva tu laukikāḥ || 36||”

    41st verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Śrutaṃ buddhi smṛtirdākṣyaṃ dhūtirhitaniṣevaṇām | vāgviśuddhiḥśamo dairyamāśryanti prīkṣkam || 37||”

    42th  verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Laukikaṃ nāśrayantyete guṇā moharajaḥśritam | tanmulā bāhavo yānti rogāḥ śārīramānasāḥ || 38||”

    43rd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Prajῆāparādhāddhayahitānarthān paῆca niṣevate | sandhārayati vegāṃśca sevete sāhasāni ca || 39||”

    44th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Tadātvasukhasaṃjῆeṣu bhāveṣvasjῆonurajyate | rajyate na tu vijῆātā vijῆāne hyamalīkṛte || 40||”

    45th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Na rāgānnāpyavijῆānādāhārānupayojayet | parīkṣya hitamaśnīyād deho hyāhārasambhavaḥ || 41||”

    46th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” āhārasya vidhāvaṣṭau veśeṣā hetusaṃjῆākāḥ | śubhāśubhasamutpattau tān parīkṣya prayojayet || 42||” 47th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Pariharyaṇḍapathyāni sadā pariharannaraḥ | bhavatyanṛaṇtāṃ prāptaḥ sādhūnāmiha paṇḍitaḥ || 43||”

    48th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Yattu rogasamutthānamaśakyamiha kenacita | parihartu na tat prāpya śocitavyaṃ manīṣibhiḥ || 44||”

    49th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” āhārasambhavaṃ vastu rogāścāhārasambhavāḥ | hitāhitaviśeṣācca viśeṣaḥ sukhduḥkhayoḥ || 45||”

    50th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Sahatve cāsahatve ca dūḥkhānāṃ dehasattvayoḥ |viśeṣo rogasaṅghāśca dhātujā ye pṛthakpṛthak || 46||”

    51st verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Teṣāṃ caiva praśamanaṃ koṣthācchākhā upetya ca | doṣā yathā prakupyanti śākhābhyaḥ koṣṭhametya ca || 47||”

    52nd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Prājῆājῆayorviśeṣaśca svasthāturahitaṃ ca yat | vividhāśitapītīye tat sarva samprkaśitam || 48||”

    53rd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Ityagniveśakṛte tantre carakapratisaṃskṛte sūtrasthāne annapānacatuṣke vividhāśitapītīyo nāmāṣṭaviṃśodhyāyaḥ || 28||”

    Final  verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 28

    ” Samāptaptoyaṃ saptamonnapānacatuṣkaḥ |”

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    End of Chapter 1. Back to Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana. Chapter 2.

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