22nd Chapter Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana

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    Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana

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    Chapter One Overview

    The initial part of First Chapter begins with prayers and introduces the Divine Lineage of the wisdom of Ayurveda.

    This describes how ancient sages noticed the increasing tendency of attracting disorders in common people and then held a symposium in Himalayan region and decided to bring Ayurveda wisdom for the masses.

    This section can be further divided into these subsections…

    1. General Introduction of Chapter
    2. The Divine Lineage of Ayurveda
    3. The Himalayan Summit of Pious Sages
    4. Their Deciding to Send Sage Bhardwaj to Indra
    5. Sage Bhardwaj going to Indra and receiving Ayurveda
    6. Basic Nature of Ayurveda
    7. Significance and Benefit Received by Other Sages from Ayurveda Wisdom

    Second section deals with one of the most important topics in entire Ayurveda – Fundamental Principles of Ayurveda. This is truly the foundation for learning Ayurveda.

    The part introduces the framework that supports all the concepts and later practices of Ayurveda in a cohesive and integral manner. This is like the invisible thread inside the chain of pearls.

    1. Definition of Ayurveda
    2. Defining Life
    3. Fundamental Principles – The Six Substances – Matter, Attributes, Activity, Generality, Differentiation, Inherent Nature
    4. Three Doshas – Vata, Pitta and Kapha
    5. Three Primary Attributes – Satva, Rajas, Tamas

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    ” Atha dvāviṃśatitamodhyāyaḥ”

    1st verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Athāto laṃghanabṛṃhaṇīyamadhyāyaṃ vyākhyāsyāmaḥ || 1||”

    2nd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ || 2||”

    3rd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Tapaḥsvādhyāyaniratānātreyaḥ śiṣyasattamān | ṣaḍagniveśapramukhānuktavān paricodayan || 3||”

    4th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” laṃghanaṃ bṛṃhaṇaṃ kāle rūkṣaṇaṃ snehanaṃ tathā | svedanaṃ stambhanaṃ caiva jānīte yaḥ sa vai bhiṣak || 4||”

    5th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Tamuktavantamātreyamagniveśa uvāca ha | bhagarvellaṃghanaṃ rkrisvillaṃghanīyāṣca kīdṛṣāḥ || 5||”

    6th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Bṛṃhaṇaṃ bṛṃhaṇīyāśca rūkṣaṇam | ke snehāḥ snehanīyāśca svedāḥ svedhāśca ke matāḥ || 6||”

    7th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Satambhanaṃ satambhanīyāśca vaktumarhasi tad guro ! laṃghanaprabṛtīnāṃ ca ṣaṣṇāmeṣāṃ smāsatāḥ || 7||”

    8th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” kṛtākṛtātivṛttānāṃ lakṣaṇaṃ vaktumarhasi | tadagniveśasya vaco niśamya gurūrabravīt || 8||”

    9th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Yaktiῆcallāghavakaraṃ dehe tallaṃghanaṃ smṛtam | bṛhattvaṃ yaccharīrasya janyet tacca bṛṃhaṇam || 9||”

    10th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Raukṣyaṃ kharatvaṃ vaiśadhaṃ yat kuryāttaddhi rūkṣaṇam | snehanaṃ snehaviṣyandāmārdavakledakārākam || 10||”

    11th  verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Stambhagauravaśītaghnaṃ svedanaṃ svedakārakam| stambhanaṃ stambhayati yad gatimantaṃ calaṃ dhruvam || 11||”

    12th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Laghuṣṇtīkṣṇaviśadaṃ rūkṣaṃ sūkṣmaṃ kharaṃ saram | kaṭhinaṃ caiva yaddravyaṃ prāyastallaṃghana smṛtam || 12||”

    13th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Gurū śītaṃ mṛdu snigdhaṃ bahalaṃ sthūlapicchilam | prāyo mandaṃ sthiraṃ ślakṣṇaṃ dravyaṃ bṛṃhaṇmucyate || 13||”

    14th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Rūkṣaṃ laghu kharaṃ tīkṣṇamuṣṇaṃ sthiramapicchilam | prāyaśaḥ kaṭhinaṃ caiva yad dravyaṃ taddhi rūkṣaṇam || 14||”

    15th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Dravaṃ sūkṣmaṃ saraṃ snigdhaṃ picchilaṃ gurū śītalam | prcyo mandaṃ mṛdu ca yad dravyaṃ tat snehanaṃ matam || 15||”

    16th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Uṣṇaṃ tīkṣaṇaṃ saraṃ sanigdhaṃ rūkṣaṃ sūkṣamaṃ dravaṃ sthiram | dravyaṃ gurū ca yat prāyastaddi svedanamucyate || 16||”

    17th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Śītaṃ mandaṃ mṛdu ślakṣaṃ rūkṣaṃ sūkṣmaṃ dravaṃ sthiram | yad dravyaṃ laghu coddiṣṭaṃ prāyastat stambhanaṃ smṛtam

    || 17||”

    Final  verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Catuṣprakārā saṃśuddhiḥ pipāsā mārūtātapau | pācanānyupavāsaśca vyāyāmaśceti laṃghanam || 18||”

    19th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Prabhūtaśleṣmapittāsramalāḥ saṃsṛṣṭamārūtā | bṛhaccharīrā balino laṃghanīyā viśuddhibhiḥ || 19||”

    20th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Yeṣāṃ madhyabalā rogāḥ kaphapittasamutthitāḥ | vamyatīsārahradrogavisūcyalasakajvarāḥ || 20||”

    21st  verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Vibandhagauravodgārahrallāsārocakādayāḥ | pācanaistān bhiṣak prājῆaḥ prāyeṇādāvupācaret || 21||”

    22nd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Eta eva yathoddiṣṭā yeṣāmalpabalā gadāḥ | pipāsanigrhaisteṣāmupavāsaiśca tāῆjayet || 22||”

    23rd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Rogāṇjayenmadhyabalān vyāyāmātapamārutaiḥ | balināṃ kiṃ punaryeṣāṃ rogāṇāmavaraṃ balam || 23||”

    24th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Tvagdoṣiṇāṃ pramīḍhānāṃ snigdhābhiṣyandibrṃhiṇām | śarire laṃghanaṃ śastamapi vātavikāriṇām || 24||”

    25th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Adigdhviddhamakliṣṭaṃ vyaḥsthaṃ sātmyacāriṇām | mṛgamatsyavihaṃgānāṃ māṃsaṃ bṛṃhaṇmucyate || 25||”

    26th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Kṣīṇāḥ kṣatāḥ kṛśā vṛddhā durbalā nityamadhvagāḥ | strīmadhanityā grīṣme ca bṛaṃhaṇīyā narāḥ smṛtāḥ || 26||”

    27th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Śoṣarśogrhaṇīdośairvyādhibhiḥ karśitāśca ye | teṣāṃ kravyādamāṃsānāṃ bṛṃhaṇā laghavo rasāḥ || 27||”

    28th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Snānamutsādanaṃ svapno madhurāḥ snehabastayaḥ | śarkarākṣīrasarpīṃṣi sarveṣāṃ viddhi bṛṃhaṇam || 28||”

    29th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Katutiktakaṣāyāṇāṃ sevanaṃ strīṣvasaṃyamaḥ | khalipiṇyākatākrāṇāṃ madhvādīnāṃ ca rūkṣaṇam || 29||”

    30th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Abhiṣyandā mahādoṣā marmasthā vyādhayaśca ye | ūrūstambhaprabhṛtayo rūkṣṇīyā nidarśitāḥ || 30||”

    31st verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Snehāḥ snehayitavyāśca svedāḥ svedhāśca ye nārāḥ | snehādhyāye mayoktāste svedākhye ca svistaram || 31||”

    32th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Dravaṃ tanvasaraṃ yāvacchītīkaraṇamaīṣadham | svādu tiktaṃ kaṣāyaṃ ca stambhanaṃ sarvameva tat || 32||”

    33rd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Pittakśārāgnidagdhā ye vamyatīsārapīḍitāḥ | viṣasvedātiyogārtāḥ stambhanīyā nidarṣitāḥ || 33|| “

    34th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Vātmūtrapurīṣāṇāṃ visarge gātralāghave | hradayodgārakaṇṭhāsyaśuddho tandrāklame gate || 34||”

    35th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Svede jāte rūcau caiva kṣutpipāsāsahodaye | kṛtaṃ laṃghanamādeśyaṃ nirvyathe cāntarātmani || 35||”

    36th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Parvabhedoṃgamardaśca kāsaḥ śoṣo mukhasya ca | kṣutpraṇāśorūcistṛṣṇā daurbalyaṃ śrotranetrayoḥ || 36||”

    37th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Manasaḥ sambhramobhīkṣṇamūrdhvavātastamo hradi | dehāgnibalanāśaśca laṃghanetikṛte bhavet || 37||”

    38th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Balaṃ puṣṭayupalambhaśca kāśryaṃ doṣavivarjanam | lakṣaṇaṃ bṛṃhite, sthaulyamati cātyarthabṛṃhite || 38||”

    39th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Kṛtātikṛtaliṅgaṃ yallaṃghite tadhdi rūkṣite | satambhitaḥ syād bale labdhe yathoktaiścāmayairjitaiḥ || 39||”

    40th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Śyāvatā stabdhāgātratvamudvego hanusaṅgrahaḥ | hradvarconigrahaśca syādatistambhitalakṣaṇam ||40||”

    41st verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Lakṣaṇaṃ cākṛtānāṃ syāt ṣaṇṇāmeṣāṃ samāsataḥ | tadauṣadhānāṃ dhātūnāmaśamo vṛddhireva ca || 41||”

    Final  verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Iti ṣaṭ sarvarogāṇāṃ proktāḥ samyagupakramāḥ | sādhyānāṃ sādhane siddhā mātrākālānurodhinaḥ || 42||”

    43rd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Doṣāṇāṃ bahusaṃsargāt saṃkīryante hayupakramāḥ | ṣaṭtvaṃ tu nātivartantre tritvaṃ vātādayo yathā || 43||”

    44th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Ityasmillaṃghanādhyāye vyākhyātāḥ ṣaḍupakramāḥ | yathāpraśnaṃ bhagavatā cikitsa yauḥ pracartate || 44||”

    Final  verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 22

    ” Ityagniveśakṛte tantre carakapratisaṃskṛate sūtrasthāne rogacatuṣke laṃghanabṛṃṇīyo nāmā dvārviśatitamodhyāyaḥ || 22||”

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    End of Chapter 1. Back to Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana. Chapter 2.

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