21st Chapter Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana

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    Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana

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    Chapter One Overview

    The initial part of First Chapter begins with prayers and introduces the Divine Lineage of the wisdom of Ayurveda.

    This describes how ancient sages noticed the increasing tendency of attracting disorders in common people and then held a symposium in Himalayan region and decided to bring Ayurveda wisdom for the masses.

    This section can be further divided into these subsections…

    1. General Introduction of Chapter
    2. The Divine Lineage of Ayurveda
    3. The Himalayan Summit of Pious Sages
    4. Their Deciding to Send Sage Bhardwaj to Indra
    5. Sage Bhardwaj going to Indra and receiving Ayurveda
    6. Basic Nature of Ayurveda
    7. Significance and Benefit Received by Other Sages from Ayurveda Wisdom

    Second section deals with one of the most important topics in entire Ayurveda – Fundamental Principles of Ayurveda. This is truly the foundation for learning Ayurveda.

    The part introduces the framework that supports all the concepts and later practices of Ayurveda in a cohesive and integral manner. This is like the invisible thread inside the chain of pearls.

    1. Definition of Ayurveda
    2. Defining Life
    3. Fundamental Principles – The Six Substances – Matter, Attributes, Activity, Generality, Differentiation, Inherent Nature
    4. Three Doshas – Vata, Pitta and Kapha
    5. Three Primary Attributes – Satva, Rajas, Tamas

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    ” Athaikaviṃśodhyāyaḥ “

    1st verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Athātoṣṭauninditīyamadhyāyaṃ vyākhyāsyāmaḥ || 1||”

    2nd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Iti ha smāha bagavānātreyaḥ || 2||”

    3rd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Iha khalu śarīramadhikṛtyāṣṭau purūṣā ninditā bhavanti; tadhathā- atidīrghaśca atihrasvaśca atilomā ca, alomāca ca, atikṛṣṇaśca, atigauraśca, atisthūlaśca, atikṛśaśceti || 3||”

    4th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Tatrātisthūlakṛaśayorbhūya evāpare ninditaviśeṣā bhavanti; atisthūlasya tāvadāyuṣo hrāso javoparodhaḥ kṛacchrvyavāyatā daurbalyaṃ daurgandhyaṃ Svedābādhaḥ kṣudatimātra pipāsātiyogaśceti bhavantyaśṭau doṣāḥ | tadatisthaulyamatisampūraṇād gurūmadhuraśītasnigdhopayogādavyāyāmādavyavāyāddivāspnāddharṣa – nityātvādacintanādvījasvabhāvāccopajāyataye | tasya hyatimātramedasvino meda evopacīyate na tathetare dhātavaḥ, tasmādasyāyuṣo hrāsaḥ, śaithilyāt saukumāryād gurūtvācca medaso javoparodaḥ, śukrābahutvānmedasāvṛtamārgatvācca kṛcchravyavāyatā, daurbalyamasamatvāddhātūnāṃ, daurgandhyaṃ medodoṣānmedasaḥ svabhāvāt svedanatvācca, medasaḥ śleṣmasaṃsargādviṣyanditvādvahutvād gurūtvādvayāyāmāsahatvācca svedabādhaḥ tīkṣṇāgnitvāt prabhūtakoṣṭhavāyutvācca kṣudatimātraṃ pipāsātiyogaśceti || 4||”

    5th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Tatrātisthūlakṛaśayorbhūya evāpare ninditaviśeṣā bhavanti; atisthūlasya tāvadāyuṣo hrāso javoparodhaḥ kṛacchrvyavāyatā daurbalyaṃ daurgandhyaṃ Svedābādhaḥ kṣudatimātra pipāsātiyogaśceti bhavantyaśṭau doṣāḥ | tadatisthaulyamatisampūraṇād gurūmadhuraśītasnigdhopayogādavyāyāmādavyavāyāddivāspnāddharṣa – nityātvādacintanādvījasvabhāvāccopajāyataye | tasya hyatimātramedasvino meda evopacīyate na tathetare dhātavaḥ, “

    6th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” tasmādasyāyuṣo hrāsaḥ, śaithilyāt saukumāryād gurūtvācca medaso javoparodaḥ, śukrābahutvānmedasāvṛtamārgatvācca kṛcchravyavāyatā, daurbalyamasamatvāddhātūnāṃ, daurgandhyaṃ medodoṣānmedasaḥ svabhāvāt svedanatvācca, medasaḥ śleṣmasaṃsargādviṣyanditvādvahutvād gurūtvādvayāyāmāsahatvācca svedabādhaḥ tīkṣṇāgnitvāt prabhūtakoṣṭhavāyutvācca kṣudatimātraṃ pipāsātiyogaśceti || 4||”

    7th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Medasāvṛtamārgatvādvāyuḥ koṣṭhe viśeṣataḥ | caran sandukṣayatyagnimāhāraṃ śoṣayatyapi || 5||”

    8th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Tasmāt sa śīgraṃ jarayatyāhāraṃ cātikāṅkṣati | vicārāṃścāṣnute ghorān kāṃśicatkālavyatikramāt || 6||”

    9th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Etāvupadravakarro viśeṣādagnimārūtau | etau hi dahataḥ sthūlaṃ vanadāno vanaṃ yathā || 7||”

    10th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Medasyatīva saṃvṛddhe sahasaivānilādayaḥ | vikārān dārūṇān kṛtvā nāśayantyāśu jīvitam || 8||”

    11th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Medomāṃsātivṛddhatvāccalasphigudarastanaḥ | ayathropacayotsāho narotisthūla ucyate || 9||”

    12th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Iti medasvino doṣā hetavo rūpameva ca | nirdiṣṭaṃ vakṣyate vācyāmatikāśryepyataḥ param || 10||”

    13th  verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Sevā rūkṣānnapānānāṃ laṃghanaṃ pramitāśanam | kriyātiyogaḥ śokaṣca veganidrivinigrahaḥ || 11||”

    14th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Rūkṣasyodvartanaṃ snānasyābhyāsaḥ prakṛtirjarā | vikārānūśayaḥ krodhaḥ kurvantyatikṛśaṃ naram || 12||”

    15th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Vyāyāmamatisauhityaṃ kṣutpipāsāmayauṣadhām | kṛśo na sahate tadvadatiśītoṣṇamaithunam || 13||”

    16th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Plihā kāsaḥ kṣayaḥ śvāso gulmorśāsyudarāṇi ca | kṛśaṃ prāyobhidhāvanti rogāśca grahaṇīgatāḥ || 14||”

    17th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Śuṣkasphigudaragrīvo dhamanījālasantataḥ | tvagasthiśeṣotikṛśaḥ śthūlaparvā naro mataḥ || 15||”

    18th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Satataṃ vyādhitāvetāvatisthūlakṛśau narau | satataṃ copacaryau hi karśṇairbrhaṇairapi || 16||”

    19th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Sthaulyakāśrye varaṃ kāśrya samopakaraṇau hi tau | yadhubhau vyādhirāgacchet sthūlamevātipīḍayet || 17||”

    20th  verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Samāmāṃsapramāṇastu samasaṃhanano naraḥ | drḍhendriyo vikārāṇāṃ na balenābhibhūyate || 18||”

    21st verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Kṣutpipāsātapasahaḥ śītavyāyāmasaṃsahaḥ | samapaktā samajaraḥ samamāṃsacayo matāḥ || 19||”

    22nd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Gurū cātarpaṇaṃ ceśṭaṃ sthūlānāṃ karśanaṃ prati | kṛśānāṃ bṛaṃhaṇārtha ca laghu santrpaṇaṃ ca yat || 20||”

    23rd  verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Vātaghnānyannapānāni śleṣmamedoharāṇi ca | rūkṣoṣṇā bastayastīkṣṇārū kṣaṇyudvartanāni ca || 21||”

    24th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Gudūcībhadramustānāṃ prayogastraiphalastathā | takrāsiṣṭaprayogaśca prayogo mākṣikasya ca || 22||”

    25th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Viḍaṃga nāgaraṃ kṣāraḥ kālaloharajo madhu | yavāmalakacūrṇa ca prayogaḥ śreṣṭha ucyate || 23||”

    26th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Bilvādipaῆcamūlasya prayogaḥ kṣaudrasaṃyutaḥ | śilājātuprayogaśca sāgnimantharasaḥ paraḥ || 24||”

    27th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” śiro Praśātikā priyaṅguśca śyāmākā yavakā yavāḥ | jūrṇāhvāḥ kodravā mudgāḥ kulathāścakrmamudgakāḥ || 25||”

    28th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” āḍhakīnāṃ ca bījāni paṭolāmalakaiḥ saha| bhojanārtha prayojyāni pānaṃ cānu madhudakam || 26||”

    29th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Ariṣṭāṃścānupānarthe medomāṃsakaphāpahān | atisthaulyavināśāya saṃvibhajya prayojayet || 27||”

    30th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Prajāgaraṃ vyavāyaṃ ca vyāyāmaṃ cintanāni ca | sthaulyamicchin parityaktuaṃ krmeṇābhipravardhayet || 28||”

    31st verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Svapno harṣaḥ sukhā śayyā manaso nirvṛtiḥ śamaḥ | cintāvyavāyavyāyāmavirāmaḥ priyadarśanam || 29||”

    32nd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Navānnāni navaṃ madhaṃ grāmyānūpaidakā sarāḥ | saṃskṛtāni ca māṃsāni dadhi sarpiḥ payāṃsi ca || 30||”

    33rd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Ikṣavaḥ śālāyo māṣā godhūmā guḍavaikṛtama | bastayaḥ snigdhmadhurāstailābhyaṃgaśca sarvadā || 31||”

    34th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Snigdhamudvartanaṃ snānaṃ gandhāmālyaniṣevaṇam | śuklaṃ vāso yathākālaṃ doṣāṇāmavasecanam || 32||”

    35th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Rasāyanānāṃ vṛṣyāṇāṃ yogānāmupasevanam | hatvātikāśryamādhatte nṛṇāmupacayaṃ param || 33||”

    36th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Acintanācca kāryāṇāṃ dhruvaṃ santarpaṇena ca | svapnaprasaṃgācca naro vrāha iva puśyati || 34||”

    37th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Yadā tu manasi klante karmātmānaḥ klamānvitāḥ | viṣāyebhyo nivartante tadā svapiti mānavaḥ || 35||”

    38th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Nidrāyattaṃ sukhaṃ duḥkhaṃ puṣṭi kāśrya balābalam| vṛṣatā klībatā jῆānamajῆānaṃ jivitaṃ na ca || 36||”

    39th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Akāletiprasaṃgācca na ca nidrā niṣevitā | sukhāyuṣī parākuryāt kālarātririvāparā || 37||”

    40th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” sauva yuktā punaryuḍṅkte nidrā dehaṃ sukhāyuṣā | purūṣaṃ yoginaṃ satyā budhirivāgatā || 38||”

    41st verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Gītādhyayanamadhastrīkarmabhārādhvākarśitāḥ | ajīrṇinaḥ kṣatāḥ kṣīṇā vṛddhā bālāstathābalāḥ || 39||”

    42nd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Tṛaṣṇātīsāraśulārtāḥ śvāsino hikkinaḥ kṛśāḥ | patitābhihatonmattāḥ klāntā yānaprajāgaraiḥ || 40||”

    43rd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” krodhaśokbhayaklāntā divāsvapnocitāśca ye | sarva ete divāsvapnaṃ severan sārvakālikam || 41||”

    44th verse- Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Dhātusāmyaṃ tathā hyeṣāṃ balaṃ cāpyupajāyate | śleṣma puṣṇāti cāṃgāni sthairya bhavati cāyuṣaḥ || 42||”

    45th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Gīṣme tvādānarūkṣāṇāṃ vardhamāne ca mārūte | rātrīṇāṃ cātisa – ṅkṣepād divāsvapnaḥ praśasyate || 43||”

    46th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Grīṣmavaryeṣu kāleṣu divāsvapnāt prakupyataḥ | śleṣmapitte, divāsvapnastasmātteṣu na śasyate || 44||”

    47th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Medasvinaḥ snehanityāḥ ṣleṣmalāḥ śleṣmarogiṇaḥ | dūṣīviṣā – rtāśca divā na śayīran kadācana || 45||”

    48th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Halīmakaḥ śīraśūlaṃ staimityaṃ gurūgātratā | aṃgamardognināśāśca pralepo hradayasya ca || 46||”

    49th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Śophārocakahrallāsapīnasārdhāvabhedakāḥ | koṭhārūḥ piḍakāḥ kaṇḍustandrā kāso galāmayāḥ || 47||”

    50th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Smṛtibudhipramohaśca saṃrodhaḥ srotasāṃ jvaraḥ | indriyāṇāmasāmarthya viṣavegapravarta (rdha)nam || 48||”

    51st verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Bavennṛṇāṃ divāsvapnasyāhitasya niṣevaṇāt | tasmāddhitāhitaṃ svapnaṃ buddhavā svapyāt sukhaṃ budhaḥ || 49||”

    52nd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Rātau jāgaraṇaṃ snigdhaṃ prasvapanaṃ divā | arūkṣamanabhiṣyandi tvāsīnapracalāyitam || 50||”

    53rd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Dehavṛttau yathāhārastāthā svapnaḥ sukho mataḥ | svapnāhārasamutthe ca sthaulyakārśye viśeṣataḥ || 51||”

    54th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Abhyaṃgotsādanaṃ snānaṃ gramyānūpaudakā rasāḥ | śālyannaṃ sadadhi kṣīraṃ sneho madhaṃ manaḥsukham || 52||”

    55th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Manasonuguṇā gandhāḥ śabdā saṃvahanāni ca | cakṣuṣostarpaṇaṃ lepaḥ śiraso vadanasya ca || 53||”

    56th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Svāstīrṇa śayanaṃ veśma sukhaṃ kālastathocitaḥ | ānyantyacirānnidrāṃ pranaṣṭā ya nimittataḥ || 54||”

    57th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Kāyasya śirasaścaiva virekaṣchardanaṃ bhayam | cintā krodhastathā dhūmo vyāyāmo raktamokśaṇam || 55||”

    58th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Upavasosukhā śayyā sattvaidārya tamo jayaḥ | nidrāprasaṃgamahitaṃ vārayanti smutthitam || 56||”

    59th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Eta eva ca vijῆeyā nidrānaśasya hetavaḥ | kārya kālo vikā- raśca prakṛtirvāyureva ca || 57|”

    60th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Tamobhāvā śleṣmasamedbhavā ca manaḥśarīraśramasambhavā ca | āguntako vyādhyanuvartinī ca rātrisvabhāvaprabhavā ca nidrā || 58||”

    61st verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Rātrisvābhāvaprabhavā matā yā tāṃ bhūtadhātrīṃ pravadanti tajjῆāḥ | tamobhavāmāhuraghasya mūlaṃ, śeṣāḥ punarvyādhiṣu nirdiśanti || 59||”

    62nd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Ninditā puruśāsteṣāṃ yau viśeṣaṇa ninditau | nindite kāraṇaṃ doṣāstayorninditabheṣajam || 60||”

    63rd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Yebhyo yadā hitā nidrā yebhyaścā pyahitā yadā | atinidrānidrayośca bheṣajaṃ yadbhavā ca sā || 61||”

    64th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Yā yā yathāprabhāvā ca nidrā tat sarvamitrijaḥ | aṣṭau ninditasaḍkhyāte vyājahāra punarvasuḥ || 62||”

    65th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 21

    ” Ityagniveśakṛte tantre carakapratisaṃskṛte sūtrasthāne yojanācatuṣke aṣṭau ninditīyo nāmaikaviṃśatitamodhyāyaḥ || 21||”

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    End of Chapter 1. Back to Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana. Chapter 2.

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