20th Chapter Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana

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    Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana

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    Chapter One Overview

    The initial part of First Chapter begins with prayers and introduces the Divine Lineage of the wisdom of Ayurveda.

    This describes how ancient sages noticed the increasing tendency of attracting disorders in common people and then held a symposium in Himalayan region and decided to bring Ayurveda wisdom for the masses.

    This section can be further divided into these subsections…

    1. General Introduction of Chapter
    2. The Divine Lineage of Ayurveda
    3. The Himalayan Summit of Pious Sages
    4. Their Deciding to Send Sage Bhardwaj to Indra
    5. Sage Bhardwaj going to Indra and receiving Ayurveda
    6. Basic Nature of Ayurveda
    7. Significance and Benefit Received by Other Sages from Ayurveda Wisdom

    Second section deals with one of the most important topics in entire Ayurveda – Fundamental Principles of Ayurveda. This is truly the foundation for learning Ayurveda.

    The part introduces the framework that supports all the concepts and later practices of Ayurveda in a cohesive and integral manner. This is like the invisible thread inside the chain of pearls.

    1. Definition of Ayurveda
    2. Defining Life
    3. Fundamental Principles – The Six Substances – Matter, Attributes, Activity, Generality, Differentiation, Inherent Nature
    4. Three Doshas – Vata, Pitta and Kapha
    5. Three Primary Attributes – Satva, Rajas, Tamas

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    ” Atha Viṃśodhyāyaḥ”

    1st verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 20

    ” āthāto mahārogādhyāyaḥ vyākhyāsyāmaḥ || 1||”

    2nd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 20

    ” Iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ || 2||”

    3rd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 20

    ” Catvāro rogā bhavanti-āgantuvātapittaśleṣmanimittāḥ | teṣāṃ caturṇāmapi rogāṇāṃ rogatvamekavidhaṃ bhavati, rūksāmānyāt | dvividhā punāḥ prakṛtireṣām, āgantunijavibhāgāt caiṣāmadhiṣṭhānaṃ, manaḥśarīraviśeṣāt | vikārāḥ punaraparisaṅakhyeyāḥ prakṛtyadhiṣṭhānaliṃgāyatanavikalpaviśeṣāpariṣaṅ-khyeyatvāt || 3||”

    4th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 20

    ” Mukhāni tu khalvāgantornakhadaśanapatanābhicārābhiśāpābhiṣaṃgā-bhighatavyadhabandhanaveṣṭanapīḍanarajjudahanaśastrāśanibhūtopasargā-dīni; nijasya tu mukhaṃ vātapittaśleṣmāṇāṃ vaiśamyam || 4||”

    5th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 20

    ” Dvayostu khalvāgantunijayoḥ preraṇamasātmyendriyārthasaṃyogaḥ, prajῆāparādhaḥ pariṇāmaśceti || 5||”

    6th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 20

    ” Sarvepi tu khalvetebhipravṛddhāścatvāro rogāḥ parasparamanubadhnanti, na cānyonyen saha sandehamāpadhante || 6||”

    7th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 20

    ” āganturhi vyāthāpūrva smutpanno jaghanyaṃ vātapittaśleṣmaṇāṃ vaiṣmyamāpādayati; nije tu vātapittaśleṣmāṇaḥ pūrva vaiṣmyamāpadhante, jaghanyaṃ vyathāmabhinirvartayanti || 7||”

    8th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 20

    ” Teṣāṃ trayāṇāmapi doṣāṇāṃ śarīre sthānavibhāga upadekṣyate, tadhathā-bastiḥ purīṣādhānaṃ katiḥ sakthinī pādāvasthīni pakvāśayaśca vātasthānāni, tatrāpi pakvāśayo viśeṣeṇa vātasthānāṃ; svedo raso lasīkā rūdhiramāmāśayaśca pittasthānāni, tatrāpyāmāśayo viśeṣaṇa pittasthānam; uraḥśiro grīvā parvāṇyāmāśayo medaśca śleṣmasthānāni, tatrapyuro viśeṣaṇa śleṣmāsthānam || 8||”

    9th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 20

    ” Sarvaśarīracarāstu vātapittaśleṣmāṇaḥ sarvasmiῆcharīre kupitākupitāḥ śubhāśubhāni kurvanti prakṛtibhūtaḥ śubhānyupacayabalavarṇaprasādādīni, aśubhāni punarvikṛtimāpannā vikārasaṃjῆakāni || 9||”

    10th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 20

    ” Tatra vikārāḥ-sāmānyajāḥ, nānātmajāśca | tatra sāmānyajāḥ pūrvamaṣṭodarīye vyākhyātāḥ, nānātmajāṃstvihādhyāyenuvyākha-yāsyāmḥ; tadathā aśītirāvikārāḥ, catvāriśatpittavikārāḥ, rviśatiḥ śleṣmavikārāḥ || 10||”

    11th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 20

    ” Tatrādau vātavikārānanuvyākhyāsyāmaḥ; tadhathā nakhabhedaṣca, vipādikā ca, pādaśūlaṃ ca pādabhraṃśaśca, pādasuptatā ca, vātakhuḍḍatā ca, gulphagrahaśca, piṇḍikodveṣṭnaṃ ca gudhrasī ca janubhedaśca, jānuviśleṣaśaca, ūrūstambhaśca, ūrūsādaśca pāṅgulyaṃ ca, gudabraṃśaśca, gudārtiśca, vṛṣaṇākṣepaśace, śephaḥstambhaśca, vaṅkṣaṇā nāhaśca, śroṇibhedaśca, viḍabhedaśca, udāvartaśca, khaῆjatvaṃ ca, kubjatvaṃ ca, vāmanatvaṃ ca, trikagrahaśca, pṛaṣṭhagrahaśca, pārśvāvimardaśca, udarāveṣṭaṣca, hranmohaṣca, hraddravaśca, vakṣauddharṣaśca vakṣauparodhaśca, vakṣastodaśca, bāhuśoṣaśca, grīvāstambhaśca, manyāstambhaśca, kaṇthauddhavaṃsaśca, hanubhedaśca, oṣṭhabhedaṣca, akṣibhedaṣca, dantābhedaśca, “

    12th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 20

    ” Tatrādau vātavikārānanuvyākhyāsyāmaḥ; tadhathā nakhabhedaṣca, vipādikā ca, pādaśūlaṃ ca pādabhraṃśaśca, pādasuptatā ca, vātakhuḍḍatā ca, gulphagrahaśca, piṇḍikodveṣṭnaṃ ca gudhrasī ca janubhedaśca, jānuviśleṣaśaca, ūrūstambhaśca, ūrūsādaśca pāṅgulyaṃ ca, gudabraṃśaśca, gudārtiśca, vṛṣaṇākṣepaśace, śephaḥstambhaśca, vaṅkṣaṇā nāhaśca, śroṇibhedaśca, viḍabhedaśca, udāvartaśca, khaῆjatvaṃ ca, kubjatvaṃ ca, vāmanatvaṃ ca, trikagrahaśca, pṛaṣṭhagrahaśca, pārśvāvimardaśca, udarāveṣṭaṣca, hranmohaṣca, hraddravaśca, vakṣauddharṣaśca vakṣauparodhaśca, vakṣastodaśca, bāhuśoṣaśca, grīvāstambhaśca, manyāstambhaśca, kaṇthauddhavaṃsaśca, hanubhedaśca, oṣṭhabhedaṣca, akṣibhedaṣca, dantābhedaśca, “

    13th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 20

    ” Sarveṣvapi khalveteṣu vātāvikāreṣūkteṣvanyeṣu cānukteṣu vāyoridamātmarūpamapariṇāmi karmaṇāśca svalakṣaṇaṃ, yadupalabhya tadavayavaṃ vā vimuktasandehā vātavikāramevādhyavasyanti kuśalāḥ; tadhathā-raukṣyaṃ śautyaṃ lāghavaṃ vaiśadhaṃ gatiramūrtatvamanavasthitatvaṃ ceti vāyorātmarūpāṇi; evaṃvidhatvācca vāyoḥ karmaṇḥ svalakṣaṇamidamasya bhavati taṃ taṃ śarīrāvyavamāviśataḥ tadhathā- sraṃsabhraṃsavyāsasaṃgabhedasādaharṣatarṣakampavartacālatodavyathāceṣṭā- dīni, tathā kharaparūṣaviśadasuṣirārūṇavarṇakaṣāyavira-samukhtvaśoṣaśūlasuptisaṃkocanastambhanakhaῆjatādīni ca vāyoḥ karmāṇi, tairanvitaṃ vātavikāramevādhyavasyet || 12||”

    14th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 20

    ” Taṃ madhurāmlalavaṇasnigdhoṣṇairūpakramairūpakrameta snehasvedāsthāpa- nānuvāsananastaḥ karmabhojanābhyaṃgotsādanapariṣekādibhirvātaharai- rmatrāṃ kālaṃ ca pramāṇīkṛtyaḥ; tatrāsthāpanānuvāsanaṃ tu khalu sarvatropakramebhyo vāte pradhānatamaṃ manyate bhiṣajaḥ; taddhyādita eva pakvāśyamanupraviṣya kevalaṃ vaikārikaṃ vātamūlaṃ chinatti, tatrāvajitepi vāte sarīrāntargatā vātavikārāḥ praśāntimāpadhante; yathā vanspatermule chinne skandhaśākhāprarohakusumaphalapalāśādīnāṃ niyato vināśastadvat || 13||”

    15th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 20

    ” Pittavikārāṃścatvārriśatamata ūrdhvamanuvyākhyāsyāmaḥ; (tadhathā) oṣaśca; ploṣaśca, dāhaśca, davathuśca, dhūmakaśca, amlakaśca, vidāhāśca, antārdāhaśca, asadāhaśca, ūṣmādhikyaṃ ca, atisvedaśca (aṃgasvedaśca) aṃgagandhaśca, aṃgāvadaraṇaṃ ca, śoṇitakledaśca, māṃsakledaśca, tvagdāhaśca, (māṃsadāhaśca) raktavisphoṭaśca, raktapittaṃ ca, raktamaṇḍlāni ca, haritatvaṃ ca, hāridratvaṃ ca, nīlikā ca, kakṣā (kṣyā)ca, kāmalā ca tiktāsyatā ca, lohitagandhāsyatā ca, pūtimukhatā ca, tṛaṣṇādhikayaṃ ca, atṛptiśca, āsyavipākaśca galapākaśca, akshipākaśca, gudapākaśca, medrapākaśca, jīvādānaṃ ca, tamaḥpraveśaśca, haritahāridrenetramūtravarcastvaṃ ca, iti catvariśatpittavikārāḥ pittavikārāṇāmaparisaḍ khyeyānāmāviṣkṛtatamā vyākhyātāḥ

    || 14||”

    16th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 20

    ” Sarveṣvapi khalveteṣū pittavikareṣukteṣvanyeṣu cānukteṣu pittasyedamātmarūpamapariṇāmi karmāṇaśca svalakṣaṇaṃ, yadupalabhya tadavayavaṃ vā vimuktasandehāḥ pittavikāramevādhyavasyanti kuśalaḥ; tadhathā auśṇyaṃ taikṣṇyaṃ dravatvamanatisneho varṇaṣca śuklārūṇavarjo gandhśca visro rasau ca catukāmlau saratvaṃ ca pittasyātmarūpāṇi, evaṃvidhatvācca pittasya karmaṇaḥ svalakṣaṇamidamasya bhavati taṃ taṃ śarīrāvayavamāviśataḥ; tadhathā- dāhauṣṇyapākasvedakledakothakaṇḍūsrāvarāgā yathāsvaṃ ca gandhavarṇarasābhinirvartanaṃ pittasya karmāṇi, tairanvitaṃ pittavikāramevādhyavasyet || 15||”

    17th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 20

    ” Taṃ madhuratiktakaṣayaśītairūpakramairupakramet snehavirekapradehapariṣekābhyaṃgādibhiḥ pittaharairmātrāṃ kālaṃ ca pramāṇīkṛtya; virecanaṃ tu sarvopakramemyaḥ pitte pradhānatama manyate bhiṣajaḥ, taddhayādita evāmāśayamanupraviśaya kevalaṃ vaikārikaṃ pittamūlamapakarṣati, tatrāvajite pittepi śarīrāntargatāḥ pittavikārāḥ praśāntimāpadhante, yathāgnau vyapoḍho kevalamagnigṛhaṃ śītibhavati tadvat || 16||”

    18th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 20

    ” Śleṣmavikārāṃśca rviśatimata ūrdhva vyākhyāsyāmaḥ; tadhathā – tṛptiṣca, tandrā ca, nidrādhikyaṃ ca, staimityaṃ ca, gurūgātratā ca, ālasyaṃ ca, mukhamādhuryaṃ ca, mukhasrāvaśca, ṣleṣmodgiraṇaṃ ca, malasyādhikayaṃ ca, balāsakaśca, (apaktiśca) hradayopalepaśca, kaṇṭhopaleśca, bhamanīprati (vi) cayaśca, galagaṇḍāśca, atisthaulyaṃ ca, śītāgnitā ca, udardaśca, śvetāvabhāsatā ca, śvetamūtranetravarcastvaṃ ca, iti rviśatiḥ śleṣmavikārāḥ; śleṣmavikārāṇāmaparisaṅakhyeyānāmāviṣkṛtatamā vyākhyātā bhavanti || 17||”

    19th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 20

    ” Sarveṣvapi khalveteṣu śleṣmavikāreṣūkteṣvanyeṣu cānukteṣu śleṣmaṇa idamātmarūpamapariṇāmi karmaṇaśca svalakṣaṇaṃ, yadupalabhya tadavayavaṃ vā vimuktasandehāḥ śleṣmavikāramevādhyavasyanti kuśalāḥ; tadhathā-snehaśautyaśauklyagauravamādhuryasthairyapaicchilyamārtsnyāni śleṣmaṇā ātmarūpāṇi, evaṃvidhatvācca śleṣmaṇaḥ karmāṇḥsvalakṣaṇamidamasya bhavati taṃ taṃ ṣarīrāvayavamāviśataḥ, tadhthā-śvaityaśaityakaṇḍusthairyagauravasnehasuptikledopadehabandha-mādhuryacirakāritvāni śleṣmaṇaḥ karmāṇī, tairanvitaṃ śleṣmavikāramevādhyavasyet || 18|| “

    20th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 20

    ” Taṃ kaṭukatiktakaśāyatīkṣṇoṣṇarūkṣairūpakramairūpakrameta svedavamanaśirovirecanavyāyāmādibhiḥ śleṣmaharairmātrāṃ kālaṃ ca pramāṇīkṛtya; vamanaṃ tu sarvopakrmebhyaḥ śleṣmaṇi pradhānatamaṃ manyante bhiṣajaḥ, taddhayādita evāmāśayamanupraviśyorogataṃ kebalaṃ vaikārikaṃ śleṣmamūlamūrdhvamutkṣapati, tatrāvajite śleṣmaṇyapi śarīrāntargatāḥ śleṣmavikārāḥ praṣāntimāpadhante, yathā-bhinne kedārasetau śāliyavaṣaṣṭikādīnyanabhiṣyandhamānānyāmbhasā praśoṣamāpadhante tadvaditi

    || 19||”

    21st verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 20

    ” Rogamādau parīkṣet tatonantaramauṣadham | tataḥ karma bhiṣak paścājjῆānapūrva samācaret || 20||”

    22nd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 20

    ” Yastu rogamavijῆāya karmāṇyārabhate bhiṣak | apyauṣdhavidhānajῆastasya siddhiryadṛcchayā || 21||”

    23th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 20

    ” Yastu rogaviśejῆaḥ sarvabheṣajyakovidaḥ | deśakālapramāṇajῆastasya siddhirasaṃśayam || 22||”

    24th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 20

    ” Saṅgrahaḥ prakṛtirdeśo vikāramukhamīraṇam | asandehonubandhaśca rogāṇāṃ samprakāśitaḥ || 23||”

    25th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 20

    ” Doṣasthānāni rogāṇāṃ gaṇā nānātmajāśca ye | rūpaṃ pṛathak ca doṣāṇāṃ karma cāpariṇāmi yat || 24||”

    26th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 20

    ” Pṛathaktvena ca doṣāṇāṃ nirdiṣṭāḥ smupakramāḥ | samyaṅmahati rogāṇāmadhayāye tattvadarśinā || 25||”

    27th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 20

    ” Ityagniveśakṛte tantre carakapratisaṃskṛte sūtrasthāne rogācatuṣke maharogādhyāyo nama viṃśodhyāyaḥ || 20||”

    Final verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 20

    ” Itirogacatuśkaṃ samāptam ||”

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    Continuing Education Unit

    [text_block style=”style_1.png” align=”left”]Mentored Unit[/text_block]

    End of Chapter 1. Back to Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana. Chapter 2.

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