19th Chapter Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana

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    Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana

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    Chapter One Overview

    The initial part of First Chapter begins with prayers and introduces the Divine Lineage of the wisdom of Ayurveda.

    This describes how ancient sages noticed the increasing tendency of attracting disorders in common people and then held a symposium in Himalayan region and decided to bring Ayurveda wisdom for the masses.

    This section can be further divided into these subsections…

    1. General Introduction of Chapter
    2. The Divine Lineage of Ayurveda
    3. The Himalayan Summit of Pious Sages
    4. Their Deciding to Send Sage Bhardwaj to Indra
    5. Sage Bhardwaj going to Indra and receiving Ayurveda
    6. Basic Nature of Ayurveda
    7. Significance and Benefit Received by Other Sages from Ayurveda Wisdom

    Second section deals with one of the most important topics in entire Ayurveda – Fundamental Principles of Ayurveda. This is truly the foundation for learning Ayurveda.

    The part introduces the framework that supports all the concepts and later practices of Ayurveda in a cohesive and integral manner. This is like the invisible thread inside the chain of pearls.

    1. Definition of Ayurveda
    2. Defining Life
    3. Fundamental Principles – The Six Substances – Matter, Attributes, Activity, Generality, Differentiation, Inherent Nature
    4. Three Doshas – Vata, Pitta and Kapha
    5. Three Primary Attributes – Satva, Rajas, Tamas

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    ” Athekonaviṃśodhyāyaḥ”

    1st verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 19

    ” Athātoṣṭodarīyamadhyāyaṃ vyākhyāsyāmaḥ || 1||”

    2nd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 19

    ” Iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ ||2|| “

    3rd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 19

    ” Iha khalvaṣṭāvudarāṇi, aṣṭau mūtrāghātāḥ, aṣṭau kṣīradoṣāḥ, aṣṭau retodoṣāḥ, sapta kuṣṭhāni, sapta piḍakāḥ, sapta vīsarpāḥ, ṣaḍtīsārāḥ, ṣaḍudāvartāḥ paῆca gulmāḥ, paῆcalīhadoṣāḥ, panca kāsāḥ, panca śvāsāḥ, panca hikkāḥ, panca tṛṣṇāḥ, paῆca chardayaḥ, paῆca bhaktasyānaśansthānāni, paῆca śīrorogāḥ, paῆca hradrogāḥ, paῆca pāṇḍurogāḥ, paῆconmādāḥ catvāropasmārāḥ, catvārokṣairogāḥ catvāraḥ karṇarogāḥ, catvāraḥ pratiśyāyāḥ, catvāro mukharogāḥ catvāro grahaṇīdoṣāḥ, catvāro madāḥ, catvāro mūrcchāyā, catvāraḥ śoṣāḥ catvāri klaibyāni, trayaḥ śophāḥ, trīṇī kilāsāni, trividhaṃ lohitapittaṃ; dvau jvarau, dvau vraṇo, dvāvāyāmau, dve kāmale, dvividhamāmaṃ, dvividhaṃ vātaraktaṃ dvividhānyarśāṃsi; eka ūrūstambhaḥ, ekaḥ sanyāsaḥ, eko māhāgādaḥ, viṃśatiḥ krimijātayaḥ, viṃśatiḥ pramehā, vaśatiryonivyāpadaḥ; ityaṣṭacatvāriśadrogādhikaraṇānyasmin saḍgrahe smuddiṣṭāni || 3||”

    4th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 19

    ” Iha khalvaṣṭāvudarāṇi, aṣṭau mūtrāghātāḥ, aṣṭau kṣīradoṣāḥ, aṣṭau retodoṣāḥ, sapta kuṣṭhāni, sapta piḍakāḥ, sapta vīsarpāḥ, ṣaḍtīsārāḥ, ṣaḍudāvartāḥ paῆca gulmāḥ, paῆcalīhadoṣāḥ, panca kāsāḥ, panca śvāsāḥ, panca hikkāḥ, panca tṛṣṇāḥ, paῆca chardayaḥ, paῆca bhaktasyānaśansthānāni, paῆca śīrorogāḥ, paῆca hradrogāḥ, paῆca pāṇḍurogāḥ, paῆconmādāḥ catvāropasmārāḥ, catvārokṣairogāḥ catvāraḥ karṇarogāḥ, catvāraḥ pratiśyāyāḥ, “

    5th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 19

    ” catvāro mukharogāḥ catvāro grahaṇīdoṣāḥ, catvāro madāḥ, catvāro mūrcchāyā, catvāraḥ śoṣāḥ catvāri klaibyāni, trayaḥ śophāḥ, trīṇī kilāsāni, trividhaṃ lohitapittaṃ; dvau jvarau, dvau vraṇo, dvāvāyāmau, dve kāmale, dvividhamāmaṃ, dvividhaṃ vātaraktaṃ dvividhānyarśāṃsi; eka ūrūstambhaḥ, ekaḥ sanyāsaḥ, eko māhāgādaḥ, viṃśatiḥ krimijātayaḥ, viṃśatiḥ pramehā, vaśatiryonivyāpadaḥ; ityaṣṭacatvāriśadrogādhikaraṇānyasmin saḍgrahe smuddiṣṭāni || 3||”

    6th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 19

    ” Etāni yathoddeśamabhinirdekṣāmaḥ aṣṭāvudarāṇīti vātapittakaphasannipātaplīhabaddhacchidrodakodarāṇī, aṣṭau mūtrāghātā iti vātāpittakaphasannipātāśmarīśarkaraśukraśoṇitajāḥ, aṣṭau kṣīradoṣā iti vaivaṇrya vaigandhyaṃ vairasyaṃ paicchilyaṃ phenasaṃghāto raukṣyaṃ gauravamatisneha, aṣṭau retodoṣā iti tanu śuṣkaṃ phenilamaśvetaṃ pūtyatipicchilamanyadhātūpahitamavasādi ca (1)”

    7th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 19

    ” Sapta kuṣṭhānīti kapālodumbara maṇḍalarṣyajihva – puṇḍarīkasidhmakākaṇāni, sapta piḍakā iti ṣarāvikā kacchapikā jālini sarvapyalaji vinatā vidradhī ca, sapta visarpā iti vātapittakaphāgnikardamakagranthisanni pātākhyāḥ (2)”

    8th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 19

    ” ṣaḍatīsārā iti vātapittakaphasannipātabhayaśokajāḥ, śaḍudāvartā iti vātāmūtrapurīṣaśukracchardikṣavathujāḥ (3)”

    9th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 19

    ” Paῆca gulmā iti vātapittakaphasannipātaśoṇitajāḥ, paῆca plīhadoṣā iti gulmairvyākhyātāḥ, paῆca kāsā iti vātapittakaphakṣatakṣayajāḥ, paῆca śvāsā iti mahordhvacchinnatamakakṣudrāḥ paῆca hikkā iti mahati gambhīrā vyapetā kṣudrānnajā ca paῆca tṛṣṇā iti vātapittāmakṣayopasargātmikāḥ, paῆca chardaya iti dviṣṭārthasaṃyogajā vātapittakaphasannipātodrekotthāśca, paῆca bhaktasyānaśanasthānānīti vātapittakaphasannipātadveṣāḥ, paῆca ṣirorogā iti pūrvoddeśamabhisamasya vātapittakaphasannipātakrimijāḥ, paῆca hrdrogā iti śirorogairvyākhyātāḥ paῆca pāṇḍurogā iti vātapittakaphasannipātamṛdbhakṣaṇajāḥ, panconmādā iti vātapittakaphasannipātāgantunimittāḥ (3)”

    10th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 19

    ” Catvāropasmārā iti vātapittakaphasannipātanimittāḥ; catvārokṣirogāḥ catvāraḥ karṇarogāḥ, catvāraḥ mukharogāḥ, catvaro grahaṇīdoṣā, catvāro madāḥ catvāro mūrcchāyā ityapasmārairvyākhyātāḥ; catvāraḥ śoṣā iti sāhasasandharaṇakṣayaviṣamāśanajāḥ, catvāri klaibyānīti bījopaghātād dhvajabhaṃgājjarāyāḥ śukrakṣayāccāḥ (5) A”

    11th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 19

    ” Trayaḥ śothā iti vātapittaśleśmanimittāḥ trīṇi kilāsānīti raktatāmraśuklāni, trividhaṃ lohitapittamityūrdhvabhāgamadhobhāgamubhyabhāgaṃ ca (6)”

    12th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 19

    ” Dvau jvarāviti uṣṇābhiprāyaḥ śītasamutthaśca śītābhiprāyaścoṣṇasamutthaḥ, dvau vrṇāviti nijaścāgantujaśca, dvāvāyāmāviti bāhyāścābhyantaraśca, dve gṛadhrasyāviti vātād vātakaphācca, dve kāmale iti koṣṭhāśrayā śākhāśrayā ca, dvividhamāmamityalasako visūcikā ca, dvividhaṃ vātaraktamiti gambhīramuttānaṃ ca, dvividhānyarśāsīti śuṣkāṇyārdrāṇi ca (7) “

    13th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 19

    ” Eka ūrūstambha iti āmatridoṣasamutthaḥ; ekaḥ saṃnyāsa iti tridoṣātmako manaḥśarīrādhiṣṭhānaḥ, eko mahāgada iti atattavābhiniveśaḥ (8)”

    13th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 19

    ” Rviśatiḥ krimijātaya iti yūkāḥ pipīlikāśceti dvividhā bahirmalajāḥ, keśādā lomādā lomadvīpāḥ saurasā audumbarā jantumātaraśceti śaṭ śoṇitajāḥ, antrādā udarāveṣṭā hradayādāścuravo darbhapuṣpāḥ, saugandhikā mahāgudāśceti sapta kaphajāḥ, kakerūkā makerūkā lelihāḥ saśūlikaḥ sausurādāśceti paῆca purīṣajāḥ, rviśatiḥ pramehā iti udakamehaścekṣubālikā – rasamehaśca sāndramehaśca sāndraprasādamehaśca śuklamehaśca śukramehaśca śītamehaśca śanairmehaśca sikatāmehaśca lālamehaśceti daśa śleṣmanimittāḥ kṣaramehaśca kālamehaśca nīlamehaśca lohitamehaṣca manjiṣṭhāmehaṣca haridrāmehaśceti ṣaṭ pittanimittāḥ, vasāmehaṣca majjāmehaṣca hastimehaśca madhumehaṣaceti catvāro vātanimittāḥ, Iti rviśatiḥ pramehāḥ; rviśatiryonivyāpada iti vātikī paittikī ślaiṣmikī sānnnipātaki ceti catasro doṣajāḥ, doṣadūṣyasaṃsargaprakṛtinirdeśairavaśiṣṭāḥ ṣoḍaśa nirdiśayante, tadhathā — raktayoniścārajaskā cācaraṇā ca prākcaraṇā copaplutā ca pariplutā codāvartinī ca karṇinī ca putraghnī cāntarmukhī ca sūcīmukhī ca śuṣkā ca vāmini ca ṣaṇaḍhayoniṣca mahayoniśceti rviśatiryonivyāpado bhavanti (9) |”

    14th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 19

    ” Rviśatiḥ krimijātaya iti yūkāḥ pipīlikāśceti dvividhā bahirmalajāḥ, keśādā lomādā lomadvīpāḥ saurasā audumbarā jantumātaraśceti śaṭ śoṇitajāḥ, antrādā udarāveṣṭā hradayādāścuravo darbhapuṣpāḥ, saugandhikā mahāgudāśceti sapta kaphajāḥ, kakerūkā makerūkā lelihāḥ saśūlikaḥ sausurādāśceti paῆca purīṣajāḥ, rviśatiḥ pramehā iti udakamehaścekṣubālikā – rasamehaśca sāndramehaśca sāndraprasādamehaśca śuklamehaśca śukramehaśca śītamehaśca śanairmehaśca sikatāmehaśca lālamehaśceti daśa śleṣmanimittāḥ kṣaramehaśca kālamehaśca “

    15th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 19

    ” Nīlamehaśca lohitamehaṣca manjiṣṭhāmehaṣca haridrāmehaśceti ṣaṭ pittanimittāḥ, vasāmehaṣca majjāmehaṣca hastimehaśca madhumehaṣaceti catvāro vātanimittāḥ, Iti rviśatiḥ pramehāḥ; rviśatiryonivyāpada iti vātikī paittikī ślaiṣmikī sānnnipātaki ceti catasro doṣajāḥ, doṣadūṣyasaṃsargaprakṛtinirdeśairavaśiṣṭāḥ ṣoḍaśa nirdiśayante, tadhathā — raktayoniścārajaskā cācaraṇā ca prākcaraṇā copaplutā ca pariplutā codāvartinī ca karṇinī ca putraghnī cāntarmukhī ca sūcīmukhī ca śuṣkā ca vāmini ca ṣaṇaḍhayoniṣca mahayoniśceti rviśatiryonivyāpado bhavanti (9) |”

    16th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 19

    ” Kevalaścāyamuddeśo yathoddeśamabhinirdiṣṭo bhavati || 4||”

    17th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 19

    ” Sarva eva nijā vikārā nānyatra vātapittākaphebhyo nirvartente; yathā hi – śakuni sarva divasamapi paripatan svāṃ chāyāṃ nativartate, yathā svādhātuvaiṣamyanimittāḥ sarve vikārā vātapittakaphānnātivartante; vātapittaśleṣmāṇāṃ punaḥ sathānasaṃsthānaprakṛtiviśeṣānabhisamīkṣya tadātmakānapi ca sarvavikarāṃstānevopadiśanti buddhimantaḥ || 5||”

    18th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 19

    ” Bhavataśacātra svādhātuvaiṣamyanimittajā ye vikārāsaṃdhā bahavaḥ śarīre | na te pṛthak pittakaphanilebhya āgantavastveva tato viśiṣṭāḥ || 6||”

    19th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 19

    ” āganturanveti nijaṃ vikāraṃ nijastathāgantumapi prabṛddhaḥ | tatrānubandhaṃ prakṛrti ca samyag jῆātvā tataḥ karma samārbheta || 7|| “

    20th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 19

    ” Rviśakāścaikakāścaiva trikāṣcoktāstrayastrayaḥ | dvikāśacāṣṭau, catuṣkāśca daṣa, dvādaśa pancakāḥ || 8||”

     21th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 19

    ” Catvāraścāṣṭakā vargāḥ ṣṭkau dvau saptakāstrayaḥ | aṣṭodarīye rogāṇāṃ rogādhyāye prakaśitāḥ || 9|| “

    Final verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 19

    ” Ityagniveśakṛte tantre carakapratisaṃskṛte sutrasthāne rogacatuṣke aṣṭodarīyo nāmaikonaviṃśodhyāyaḥ || 19|| “

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    Continuing Education Unit

    [text_block style=”style_1.png” align=”left”]Mentored Unit[/text_block]

    End of Chapter 1. Back to Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana. Chapter 2.

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