18th Chapter Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana

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    Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana

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    Chapter One Overview

    The initial part of First Chapter begins with prayers and introduces the Divine Lineage of the wisdom of Ayurveda.

    This describes how ancient sages noticed the increasing tendency of attracting disorders in common people and then held a symposium in Himalayan region and decided to bring Ayurveda wisdom for the masses.

    This section can be further divided into these subsections…

    1. General Introduction of Chapter
    2. The Divine Lineage of Ayurveda
    3. The Himalayan Summit of Pious Sages
    4. Their Deciding to Send Sage Bhardwaj to Indra
    5. Sage Bhardwaj going to Indra and receiving Ayurveda
    6. Basic Nature of Ayurveda
    7. Significance and Benefit Received by Other Sages from Ayurveda Wisdom

    Second section deals with one of the most important topics in entire Ayurveda – Fundamental Principles of Ayurveda. This is truly the foundation for learning Ayurveda.

    The part introduces the framework that supports all the concepts and later practices of Ayurveda in a cohesive and integral manner. This is like the invisible thread inside the chain of pearls.

    1. Definition of Ayurveda
    2. Defining Life
    3. Fundamental Principles – The Six Substances – Matter, Attributes, Activity, Generality, Differentiation, Inherent Nature
    4. Three Doshas – Vata, Pitta and Kapha
    5. Three Primary Attributes – Satva, Rajas, Tamas

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    ” Atha Aṣṭādaśodhāyaḥ”

    1st verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Athātastriśothīyamadhyāyaṃ vyākhyāsyāmaḥ || 1||”

    2nd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ || 2||”

    3rd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Trayaḥ śothā bhavanti vātapittaśleṣmanimittāḥ; te punardvividhā nijāgantubhedena || 3||”

    4th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Tatrāgantavaśchedanabhedanakṣaṇanabhaῆjanapicchanotpeṣaṇa prahāravadhabandhanaveṣṭanavyadhanapīḍnādibhirvā, bhallātakapuṣpaphalasasātmaguptāśūkakrimiśūkāhitapatralatāgulmasaṃ-sparśanairvā, svedanaparisarpaṇāvamūtraṇairvā , viṣiṇāṃ saviṣaprāṇidaṃṣṭrādantāviṣāṇanakhanipātairvā, sāgaraviṣavātahimadahanasaṃsparśanairvā, sothāḥ samupajāyante || 4||”

    5th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Te punaryathāsvaṃ hetuvyaῆjanairādāvupalabhyant nijavyāῆjanekadeśaviparītaiḥ, bandhamantrāgadapralepapratāpānirvāpaṇādibhiṣcopakrmairūpakrmyamāṇāḥ praśāntimāpadhante || 5|| “

    6th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Nijāḥ punaḥ snehasvedavamanavirecanāsthāpanānuvāsanaśirovire- canānāmayathāvatprayogānmithyāsaṃsarjanād vā chardhlasakavisūcikāśvāsakāsātisāraśoṣapāṇḍurogodarajvaraprada-rabhagandarārśovikārātikarśanairvā kuṣṭhakaṇḍūpiḍakādibhirvā chardikṣavathūdgāraśukrvātamūtrapurīṣavegadhāraṇairvā karmarogopavāsātikarśitasya vā sahasātigurvamlalavaṇapiṣṭānnaphalāśākarāgadadhiharitkamadya-mandakavirūḍhnavaśukaśamīdhānyānūpaudakapiśitopayogān mṛtpaṃkaloṣṭabhakṣaṇāllāvaṇātitabhakṣaṇād garbhasampīḍanādāmagarbhaprapatānāt prajātānāṃ ca mithyopacārādudīrṇadoṣatvācca śophāḥ prādurbhavanti; ityuktaḥ sāmānyo hetuḥ || 6|”

    7th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Ayaṃ tvatra viśeṣaḥ — śītarūkṣalaghuviṣadaśramopavāsātikarśanakṣapaṇādibhirvāyuḥ prakupitastvaṅmāsaṃśoṇitādīnyabhibhūya śophaṃ janyati | sa kṣaprotthānapraṣamo bhavati, tathā śyamārūṇvarṇaḥ prakṛtivarṇo vā, calaḥ spandanaḥ kharaparūṣabhinnatvaglomā chidhata iva bhidhata ida pīḍayat iva sūcibhiriva tudhate pipīlikābhiriva saṃsṛpyate sarṣapakalkāvalipta iva cimicimāyate saṅkucyata āyamyata iveti vātāśodhaḥ (1)”

    7th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Uṣṇatīkṣaṇakaṭukakṣāralavaṇāmlājīrṇabhojanairagnayātapapratāpaiśca pittaṃ prakupitaṃ tvaṅ māṃsaśoṇitānyabhibhūya śothaṃ janayati | sa kṣiprotthānapraṣamo bhavati, kṛṣṇapītanīlatāmrāvabhāsa uṣṇo muduḥ kapitatāmraromā, uṣyate dūyate dhūpyate ūṣmāyate svidhate kledhate ma ca sparṣamuṣṇaṃ ca suṣūyata iti pattaśothāḥ (2)”

    7th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Gurūmadhuraśītasnigdhairatisvapnāvyāyāmādibhiṣca śleṣmā prakupitastvaṅ māṃsaṣoṇītādīnyabhibhūya ṣothaṃ janayati | sa kṛcchrotthānapraśamo bhavati, pāṇḍuśvetāvabhāso guruḥ sanigdhaḥ ślakṣṇaḥ sthiraḥ styānaḥ ṣuklāgraromā sparṣoṣṇasahaśceti śleṣmaśothaḥ (3)”

    7th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Yathāsvakāraṇākṛtisaṃsargād dvidoṣajāstrayaḥ śothā bhavanti | yathāsvakāraṇākrtisannipātāt sānnipātika ekaḥ, evaṃ saptavidho bhedaḥ || 7||”

    8th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Pakṛttibhistābhistābhirbhidhamāno dvividhastrividhaścaturvidhaḥ saptavidhoṣṭavidhaṣca śotha upalabhyate; punaścaika eva, utsedhasāmānyādit || 8||”

    9th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Śūyante yasya gātrāṇi svapantīva sjanti ca | pīḍitānyunnamantyāśu vātaśothaṃ tamādiśet || 9||”

    10th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Yaścāpyayaṇavarṇābhaḥ śotho naktaṃ praṇaśyati | snehoṣṇamardanābhyāṃ ca praṇaṣyet sa ca vātikaḥ || 10||”

    11th  verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Yaḥ pipāsājvarārtasya dūyatetha vidahyate | svidhati klidhate gandhī sa paittaḥ ṣvayathuḥ smrtaṣ || 11||”

    12th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Yaḥ pītanetravaktratvak pūrva madhyāt praśūyate | tanutvak cātisārī ca pittāṣothaḥ sa ucyate || 12||”

    13th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Śītaḥ saktagatiryastu kaṇḍūmān pāṇḍureva ca |nipīḍito nonnamati śvayathuḥ sa kaphātmakaḥ || 13||”

    14th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Yasya śastrakuśacchinnācchoṇitaṃ na pravartate | kṛcchreṇa picchā sravati sa cāpi kaphasambhavaḥ || 14||”

    15th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Nidānākṛtisaṃsargācchvayathuḥ syād dvidoṣajaḥ | sarvākṛtiḥ sannipātācchotho vyāmiśrahetujaḥ || 15||”

    16th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Yastu pādābhinirvṛtaḥ śothaḥ sarvāṃgo bhavet | jantoḥ sa ca sukaṣṭaḥ syāt prasṛtaḥ strīmukhācca yaḥ || 16||”

    17th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Yaścāpi guhyaprabhavaḥ striyā vā purūṣasya vā | sa ca kaṣṭatamo jῆeyo yasya ca syurūpadravāḥ ||17||”

    Final  verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Chardiḥ śvāsorūcistṛṣṇā jvarotīsāra evā ca | saptakoyaṃ sadaurbalyaḥ sothopadravasaṅgrahaḥ || 18||”

    19th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Yasya śleṣmā prakupito jihvāmūlevatiṣṭhate | āṣu saῆjanayecchothaṃ jāyatesyopajihvikā || 19||”

    20th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    “Yasya śleṣmā prakupitaḥ kākale vyavatiṣṭhate | āṣu saῆjanayecchophaṃ karoti galaśuṇḍīkām || 20||”

    21st  verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Yasya śleṣmā prakupito galabāhyevatiṣṭhate | śanaiḥ saṇjanayecchophaṃ galagaṇḍosya jāyate || 21||”

    22nd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Yasya śleṣmā prakupitastiṣṭhatyantargale sthiraḥ | āśu saῆjanayecchophaṃ jāyatesya galagrahaḥ || 22||”

    23rd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Yasya pittaṃ prakupitaṃ saraktaṃ tvaci sarpati | ṣothaṃ sarāgaṃ janayed visarpastasya jāyate || 23||”

    24th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Yasya pittaṃ prakupitaṃ tvaci sarpati raktevatiṣṭhate | ṣophaṃ sarāgaṃ janyet piḍakā tasya jāyate || 24||”

    25th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Yasya prakupitaṃ pittaṃ śoṇitaṃ prāpya śuṣyati | tilakā piplavo vyaṃgā nīlikā tasya jāyate || 25||”

    26th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Yasya pittaṃ prakupitaṃ śaṃkhyoravatiṣṭhate | śvayathuḥ śaṃkhako nāma dārūṇastasya jāyate || 26||”

    27th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Yasya pittaṃ prakupitaṃ karṇamūlevatiṣṭhate | jvarānte durjayontāya śothastasyopajāyate || 27||”

    28th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Vātaḥ plīhānamuddhūya kupito yasya tiṣṭhati | ṣanaiḥ paritudan pāśrva plihā tasyābhivardhate || 28||”

    29th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Yasya vāyuḥ prakupito gulmasthānevatiṣṭhate | śophaṃ ṣaśūlaṃ janayan gulmastasyopajāyate || 29||”

    30th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Yasya vāyūḥ prakupitaḥ śophaśūlakaraścaran | vaṅakṣaṇād vṛṣaṇau yāti vṛddhistasyopajāyate || 30||”

    31st verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Yasya vātaḥ prakupitastvaṅmāṃsāntaramāśritaḥ | ṣothāṃ saῆjanayet kukṣāvudaraṃ tasya jāyate || 31||”

    32th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Yasya vātaḥ prakupitaḥ kukṣimākṣitya tiṣṭhati | nādho vrajati nāpyūdhrvamānāhastasya jāyate || 32||”

    33rd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Rogāścotsedhasāmānyadadhimāṃsārbudādayaḥ | viśiṣṭā nāmarūpābhyāṃ nirdeśyāḥ śoyasasaṅgrahe || 33||”

    34th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Vātapattikaphā yasya yugapatkupitāstrayaḥ | jihvāmūlevatiṣṭhante vidahantaḥ smucchratāḥ || 34||”

    35th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Janyanti bṛaśaṃ śothaṃ vedanāśca pṛthagvidhāḥ | taṃ śīghrakāriṇaṃ rogaṃ rohiṇīti vinirdiśet || 35||”

    36th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Trirātraṃ paramaṃ tasya jantorbhavati jīvitam | kuśalen tvanukrāntaḥ kṣipraṃ sampadhate sukhī || 36||”

    37th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Santi hyevaṃvidhā rogāḥ sādhyā dārūṇasammatāḥ | ye hanyuranupakrāntā mithyācāreṇa vā punaḥ || 37||”

    38th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Sādhyāścāpyapare santi vyādhayo mṛdusammātāḥ | yatnāyatnakṛtaṃ yuṣu karma sidhyatyasaṃsaśayam || 38||”

    39th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Asādhyāścāpare santi vyādhayo yāpyasaṃjῆitāḥ | susādhvapi kṛtaṃ yeṣu karmayātrākāraṃ bhavet || 39||”

    40th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Santi cāpyapare rogāḥ karamāḥ yeṣu na sidhyāti | api yatnakṛtaṃ bālairna tān vidvānupācaret || 40||”

    41st verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Sādhyāścaivāpyāsādhyāśca vyādhayo dvividhāḥ smṛtāḥ | mṛdudārūṇabhedena te bhavanti caturvidhāḥ || 41||”

    Final  verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Ta evāparisaṅkhyeyā bhidhamānā bhavanti hi | rūjāvarṇsmutthānasthānasaṃsthānanāmabhiḥ || 42||”

    43rd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Vyavasthākaraṇaṃ teṣāṃ yathāṣthūleṣu saṅagrahaḥ | tathā prakṛtisāmānyaṃ vikāreṣūpadiśyate || 43||”

    44th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Vikārānāmākuśalo na jihvīyāt kadācana |na hi sarvavikārāṇaṃ nāmatosita dhruvā sthitiḥ || 44||”

    45th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Prakrtisthaṃ yadā pittaṃ mārutaḥ śleṣmaṇaḥ kṣaye | sthānādādāya gātreṣu yatra yatra visarpati || 45||”

    46th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Tasmād vikārāprakṛtīradhiṣṭhānāntarāṇi ca | smutthānaviṣāṃ- ṣca buddhvā karma samācaret || 46||”

    47th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    “Yo hyetattriyataṃ jῆātvā karmāṇyārabhate bhiṣak | jῆānpūrva yathānyāyaṃ sa karmasu na mahyati || 47||”

    48th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Nityāḥ prāṇabhṛtāṃ dehe vātapittakaphāstrayaḥ | vikṛtāḥ prakṛtisthā vā tān bubhutset paṇḍataḥ || 48|| “

    49th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Utsāhocchvāsaniḥśvasaceṣṭā dhātugātiḥ samā | samo mokṣo gatimatāṃ vāyoḥ karmāvikārajam || 49||”

    50th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Darśanaṃ paktirūṣmā ca kṣuttṛṣnā dehamārdavam | prabhā prasado medhā ca pittakarmāvikārajam || 50||”

    51st verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Sreho bandhaḥ sthiratvaṃ ca gauravaṃ vṛṣatā balām | kṣamā dhṛtiralobhaśca kaphakarmāvikārajam || 51||”

    52nd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Vāte pitte kaphe caiva kṣīṇe lakṣaṇamucyate | karmaṇaḥ prākṛtāddhānirvrddhirvāpi virodhinām || 52||”

    53rd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Doṣaprakṛtivaiṣeśyaṃ niyataṃ vṛddhilakṣaṇam | doṣaṇāṃ prakṛtirhānirvrddhiścaivaṃ parīkṣyate || 53||”

    54th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Saṅkhyā nimittaṃ rūpāṇi śothānāṃ sādhyatāṃ na ca | teṣāṃ teṣāṃ vikārāṇāṃ śothāṃstāṃstāṃśca pūrvajān || 54||”

    55th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Vidhibhedaṃ vikārāṇāṃ trividhaṃ ṣodhyasaṅgraham | prākṛtaṃ karma doṣāṇāṃ lakṣaṇaṃ hānivṛddiṣu || 55||”

    56th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Vītamoharajodoṣalobhamānamadaspṛhaḥ | vyākhyātavāṃstriśothīye rogādhyāye punrvasuḥ || 56||”

    Final  verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 18

    ” Ityagniveṣakrte tantre carakapratisaṃskṛte sūtrasthāne rogacatuṣke triśothīyo nāmāṣṭādasodhāyaḥ || 18||”

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