15th Chapter Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana

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    Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana

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    Chapter One Overview

    The initial part of First Chapter begins with prayers and introduces the Divine Lineage of the wisdom of Ayurveda.

    This describes how ancient sages noticed the increasing tendency of attracting disorders in common people and then held a symposium in Himalayan region and decided to bring Ayurveda wisdom for the masses.

    This section can be further divided into these subsections…

    1. General Introduction of Chapter
    2. The Divine Lineage of Ayurveda
    3. The Himalayan Summit of Pious Sages
    4. Their Deciding to Send Sage Bhardwaj to Indra
    5. Sage Bhardwaj going to Indra and receiving Ayurveda
    6. Basic Nature of Ayurveda
    7. Significance and Benefit Received by Other Sages from Ayurveda Wisdom

    Second section deals with one of the most important topics in entire Ayurveda – Fundamental Principles of Ayurveda. This is truly the foundation for learning Ayurveda.

    The part introduces the framework that supports all the concepts and later practices of Ayurveda in a cohesive and integral manner. This is like the invisible thread inside the chain of pearls.

    1. Definition of Ayurveda
    2. Defining Life
    3. Fundamental Principles – The Six Substances – Matter, Attributes, Activity, Generality, Differentiation, Inherent Nature
    4. Three Doshas – Vata, Pitta and Kapha
    5. Three Primary Attributes – Satva, Rajas, Tamas

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    ” Atha Paῆcadaśodhyāyaḥ”

    1st verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 15

    ” Athāta upakalpanīyamadhyāyaṃ vyākhyāsyāmaḥ || 1||”

    2nd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 15

    ” Iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ || 2||”

    3rd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 15

    ” Iha khalu rājānaṃ rājamātramanyaṃ vā vipuladravyaṃ vamanaṃ virecanaṃ vā pāyayitukāmena bhiṣajā prāgevauṣadhapānāt sambhārā upakalpanīyā bhavanti, samyak caiva hi gacchatyauṣadhe pratibhogārthāḥ, dhyāpanne cauṣadhe vyāpadaḥ parisaṃkhyāya pratīkārārthāḥ; na hi sankṛṣṭe kāle prādurbhūtāyāmāpādi satyapi kryākrye sukaramāśu sambharaṇamauṣadhānāṃ yathavaditi || 3||”

    4th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 15

    ” Evaṃvādinaṃ bhagavantamātreyamgniveśa uvāca-nanu, bagavan ! ādāveva jῆānavatā tathā pratividhātavyaṃ yathā prativihite sidhyedevauṣadhamekāntena, samyak pryonimittā hi sarvakarmaṇāṃ siddhirīṣṭā, vyāpaccāsamyakprayoganimittā; atha samyagayamyak ca smārabdhaṃ karma sidhyati vyāpaghate vāniyamena, tulyaṃ bhavati jῆānamajῆāneneti || 4 ||”

    5th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 15

    ” Tamuvāca bhagavānatreyaḥ śakyaṃ tathā pratividhātumasmābhirasmadvidhairvāvyagniveśa ! yathā prativihite sidhyedevauṣadhamekānten, tacca prayogasauṣṭhavamupadeṣṭuṃ yathāvat; na hi kaścadasti ya etadevamupadiṣṭamupadhārayitumutsaheta, upadhārya vā tathā pratipattuṃ prayoktuṃ vā; sūkṣamāṇi hi doṣabheṣajadeśakālabalaśarīrāhārasātmyasatvaprakṛtivayasāmava- sthāntarāṇi, yānyanucintyamānāni vimalivipulabuddherapi buddimākulīkuryuḥ kiṃ pranaralpabuddheḥ, tasmādubhayametadhathāvadupadekṣyāmaḥ-samyakprayogaṃ cauṣadhānāṃ, vyāpannānāṃ ca vyāpatsādhanāni siddhiṣūttarakālkam || 5||”

    6th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 15

    ” Idāṇīṃ tāvatsambhārān vividhānapi samāsenopadekṣyāmaḥ; tadhathā –dṛḍhaṃ nivātaṃ pravātaikadeśaṃ sukhapravicāramanupatyakaṃ dhūmātapajalarajasāmanabhigamanīyamaniṣṭānāṃ ca ṣabdasparśarasarūpagandhānāṃ sodapānodūkhalamusasalavarcaḥsthānasnānabhūmimahānasaṃ vāstuvidhākuśalaḥ praśastaṃ gṛhameva tāvat pūrvamupakalpayet || 6||”

    7th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 15

    ” Tataḥ śīlaśaucācārānurāgadākṣyaprādakṣiṇyopapannānupacāra-kuśalān sarvakarmasu paryavadātāna sūpaudanapācakasnāpakasaṃvāhakotthāpakaṃveśakauṣadhapekāṃśca paricārakān sarvakarmasvapratikūlān, tathā gītavāditrollāpakaślokagāthākhyāyikektihāsapurāṇakuśalān- bhiprāyajῆānanumatāṃśca deśakālavidaḥ pāriṣadhāṃśca, tāthā lāvakapiῆjalaśaśahariṇaiṇakālapucchakamṛgamātṛkorabhrān, gāṃ dogdhrīṃ śīlavatīmanāturāṃ jīvadvatsāṃ suprativihitatṛṇaśaraṇapā- nīyāṃ, pātryācamanīyodakoṣṭhamaṇikaghaṭapiṭharaparyogakumbhīkumbha- kuṇḍāśarāvadarvīkatodaῆcanaparipacanamanthānacarmacelasūtrakārpā- sorṇādīni ca, śayanāsanādīni chopanyastabhṛaṃgāpratigrahāṇi suprayuktāstaraṇottarapracchadopadhānāni sopāśrayāīṇi saṃveśanopaveśanasnehasvedābhyaṃgapradehapariṣekānulepanavamanavire- canāsthāpanānuvāsanaśirovirecanamūtroccārakamaṇāmupacāra- sukhāni, suprakṣālitopadhānāśca suślakṣaṇakharamadhyamā dṛṣadaḥ, ṣastrāṇi chopakaraṇārthāni, dūmanetraṃ ca, bastinetraṃ cottarabastikaṃ ca kuśahastakaṃ ca, tulāṃ ca, mānabhāṇaḍaṃ ca, Ghṛatatailavasāmajjakṣaudraphāṇitalavaṇendhanodakamadhuśīdhusurāsau- vīrakatuśodakamaireyamedakadadhimaṇḍodaśvaddhānyāmlamūtrāṇi ca, tathā śāliṣaṣṭikamudgamāṣayavatilakulatthabadaramṛdvīkākāśmaryapa- rūṣakābhayāmalakabibhītakāni, nānāvidhāni ca snehasvedopakaraṇāni dravyāṇi, tathaivordhvahrānulomikobhaya- bhāῆjisaḍgrahaṇīyadīyapācanīyopaśamanīyavātaharādisamā-khyātāni cauṣadhāni; yaccānyadapi kiṃcid vyāpadaḥ parisaṅkhyāya pratīkārārthamupakaraṇ vidhāt, yacca pratibhogārtha, tattadupakalpayet || 7|| “

    8th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 15

    ” Tatastaṃ prarūṣaṃ yathoktābhyāṃ snehasvedābhyāṃ yathārhamupapādayet | taṃ cedasminnantare mānasaḥ śārīro vā vyādhiḥ kaścittvīvrataraḥ sahasābhyāgacchettameva tāvadasyopāvartayituḥ yatet | tatastamupāvartya tāvantamevainaṃ kālaṃ tathāvidhenaiva karmaṇopācāret || 8||”

    9th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 15

    ” Tatastaṃ purūṣaṃ snehasvedopapannamanupahatamanasamabhisamīkṣya sukhoṣitaṃ suprajīrṇabhaktaṃ siraḥsnātamanuliptagātrāṃ sragviṇamanupahatavastrasaṃvītaṃ devatāgnidvijagurūvṛddhavaidhānarcitavataṃ iṣṭai nakṣatratithikaraṇamuhūrte kārayitvābrāhamṇān svastivācanaṃ prayuktābhirāśīrabhimantritāṃ madhumadhukasaindhavaphāṇitopahitāṃ madanaphalakaṣāyamātrāṃ pāyayet || 9||”

    10th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 15

    ” Madanaphalakaṣāyamātrāpramāṇaṃ tu khalu sarvasaṃśodhamatrāpramāṇāni ca pratipuruṣamapekṣitavyāni bhavanti; yāvaddhi yasya saṃśodhanaṃ pītaṃ vaikārikadośaharaṇāyopapadhate na cātiyogāyogāya, tāvadasya mātrāpramāṇaṃ veditavyaṃ bhavati

    || 10||”

    11th  verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 15

    ” Pītavantaṃ tu khalvenaṃ muhurtamanukāṅkṣet | tasya yadā jānīyāt svedaprādurbhaveṇa doṣaṃ pravilayanamāpadhamānaṃ, lomaharṣeṇa ca sthānebhyaḥ pracalitaḥ, kukṣisamādhmāpanena ca kukṣimanugataṃ hrallāsāsyastravaṇābhyāmapi cotordhvamukhībhūtam, athāsmai jānusamamasambāndhaṃ suprayuktāstaraṇottarapracchadopadhānaṃ sopāśrayamāsanamupaveṣṭuṃ prayacchet | pratigrahāṃścopacārayet-lālāṭapratigrahe pārśvopagrahaṇe nābhiprapīḍane pṛṣṭhonmadane cānapatrapaṇīyā suhradonumatāḥ prayateran || 11||”

    12th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 15

    ” Athainamanuśīṣyāt- vivṛtauṣṭhatālukaṇṭho nātimahatā vyāyāmena vegānudīrṇānudīrayana kiῆcidavanamya grīvāmūrdhvaśarīramupavegamapravṛttān pravartayan suparilikhitanakhābhyāmaṃgagulibhyāmutpalakumudasaugandhikanā-lairvā kaṇṭhamabhisprśan sukhaṃ pravartayasveti sa thāvidhaṃ kuryāt | tatosya vegān pratigrhagatānavekṣetāvahitaḥ; vegaviśeṣadarśanāddhi kuśalo yogāyogātiyogaviśeṣānupalabhet, vigaviśeṣadarśī punaḥ kṛtyaṃ yathārhamavabudhyeta lakṣaṇen; tasmādvegānavekṣetāvahitaḥ || 12||”

    14th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 15

    ” Tatrāmūnyayogayogātiyogaviśeṣajῆānāni bhavanti tadhathā-apravrttiḥ kutaścat, kevalasya vāpyauṣadhasya vibhraṃśo vibandho vegānāmayogalakṣaṇāni bhavanti; kāle pṛavrttiranatimahatī vyathā yathākramaṃ doṣharaṇaṃ svayaṃ cāvasthānamiti yogalakṣaṇāni bhavanti, yogena tu doṣapramāṇaviśeṣeṇa tīkṣṇamrdumadhyavibhāgo jῆeyaḥ; yogādhikyen tu phenilaraktacandrikopagamanamityatiyogalakṣaṇāni bhavanti | tatrātiyogāyoganimittānimānupadravān vidhāt-ādhmānaṃ parikarttikā parisrāvo hradayopasaraṇamaṃgagraho jīvādānaṃ vibhraśaḥ stambhaḥ klamaścetyupadravāḥ || 13||”

    14th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 15

    ” Yogena tu khalvenaṃ charditavantamabhisamīkṣya suprakṣālitapāṇipādāsyaṃ muhurtamāśvāsya. Snaihikavairecanikopaśamanīyānāṃ dhūmānāmanyatamaṃ sāmarthyataḥ pāyayitvā, punarevodakamupaspaśayet || 14||”

    15th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 15

    ” Upaspṛṣṭodakaṃ cainaṃ nivātamāgāramanupraveśya saṃveśya cānuśiṣyāt – uccairbhāṣyamatyāsanamatisthānamaticaṅ kramaṇaṃ krodhaśokahimātapāvaśyāyātipravātān yānayānaṃ grāmyadharmamasvapanaṃ niśi divā svapnaṃ virūddhājīrṇāsātmyākālapramitātihīnaguṛūviṣamabhojanavegasaṃ-dhāraṇodīraṇamiti bhāvānetān manasāpyasevamānaḥ sarvamaho gamyasveti | sa tathā kuryāt || 15||”

    16th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 15

    ” āthainaṃ sāyāhre pare vāhri sukhodakapariṣiktaṃ purāṇanāṃ lohitaṣālitaṇḍulānāṃ svavaklinnāṃ maṇḍspūrvāṃ sukhoṣaṇāṃ yavāgūṃ pāyayedagnibalamabhisamīkṣya, evaṃ dvitīye tṛtīye cānnakāle; caturthe tvannakāle tathāvidhānāmeva śālitaṇḍulānāmutsvinnāṃ vilepīmuṣṇodakadvitīyāmasnehalavaṇāmalpasnehalavaṇāṃ vā bhojayet eva paῆcame ṣaṣṭhe cānnakāle; saptame tvanṇnakāle tathāvidhānāmeva śālināṃ dviprasṛtaṃ susvinnamodanamuṣṇodakā- nupānaṃ tanunā tanusnehalavaṇopapannena mṛdgayūṣeṇa bhojayet, evamaṣṭame navame cānnakāle; daśame tavannakāle lāvakapiῆjalādīnamanyatamasya maṃsarasenaudakalāvaṇiken nātisāravatā bhojayeduṣṇodakānupānam, evamekadāśe dvādaśe cānnakāle; ata ūrdhvamannaguṇān krmeṇopabhuῆjānaḥ saptarātreṇa prakṛtibhojanamāgacchet || 16||”

    17th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 15

    ” Athainaṃ punareva snehasvedābhyāmuppādhānupahatamanasamabhisamīkṣya sukhoṣitaṃ suprajīrṇabhaktaṃ kṛtahomabalimaṃgalajapaprāyaścittamiṣṭe tathinakṣatrakarānāmuhūrte brāhamṇān svasti vācayitvā trvṛtkalamakṣamātraṃ yathārhāloḍanaprativinītaṃ pāyayet prasamīkṣya doṣabheṣajadeśakālabalaśarī-Rāhārāsātmyasattvaprakṛtivayasāmavasthāntarāṇi vikārāṃśca | samyagviriktaṃ caunaṃ vamanoktena dhūmavarjena vidhinopapādayedābalavarṇapratilābhāt | balavarṇopapannaṃ caunamanupahatamanasamabhisamīkṣya sukhoṣitaṃ suprajīrṇabhaktaṃ śiraḥsnātamanuliptagātraṃ sragviṇamanupahatavastrasaṃvītamanarū- pālaṃkārālaṅkṛtaṃ suhrdāṃ darśyitvā jῆātīnāṃ darśayet, athainaṃ kāmeṣvavasṛjet

    || 17||”

    Final  verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 15

    ” Anena vidhinā rājā rājamātrothavā punaḥ | yasya vā vipulaṃ dravyaṃ sa saṃśodhanamarhati || 18||”

    19th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 15

    ” Daridrastvāpadaṃ prāpya prāptakālaṃ viśodhanam | pibet kāmamasaṃbhṛtya sambhārānapi durlabhān || 19||”

    20th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 15

    ” Na hi srvamanuśyāṇāṃ santi sarve paricchadāḥ | na ca rogā na bādante daridranapi dārūṇāḥ || 20||”

    21st  verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 15

    ” Yadhcchakyaṃ manuśyeṇa kartumauṣadhamāpadi | pattat sevyaṃ yathāśakti vasanānyaśanāni ca || 21||”

    22nd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 15

    ” Malāpahaṃ rogaharaṃ balavarṇaprasādanam | pītvā saṃśodhanaṃ samyagāyuṣā yujyate ciram || 22||”

    23rd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 15

    ” īśvarāṇāṃ vasumatāṃ vamanaṃ savirecanam | sambhārā ye yadartha ca smānīya prayojayet || 23||”

    24th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 15

    ” Yatha praojyā mātrā yā yadayogasya lakṣaṇam | yogātiyogayoryacca doṣā ye cāpyupadravāḥ || 24||”

    25th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 15

    ” Yadasevyaṃ viśuddhena yaśca saṃsarjanakrmaḥ | tat sarva kalpanādhyāye vyājahāra punarvasuḥ || 25||”

    Final verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 15

    ” Ityagniveśakṛte tantre carakapratisaṃskṛte sūtrasthāne kalpanācatuṣke upkalpanīyo nāma paῆcadaśodhāyaḥ || 15||”

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    Continuing Education Unit

    [text_block style=”style_1.png” align=”left”]Mentored Unit[/text_block]

    End of Chapter 1. Back to Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana. Chapter 2.

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