14th Chapter Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana

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    Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana

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    Chapter One Overview

    The initial part of First Chapter begins with prayers and introduces the Divine Lineage of the wisdom of Ayurveda.

    This describes how ancient sages noticed the increasing tendency of attracting disorders in common people and then held a symposium in Himalayan region and decided to bring Ayurveda wisdom for the masses.

    This section can be further divided into these subsections…

    1. General Introduction of Chapter
    2. The Divine Lineage of Ayurveda
    3. The Himalayan Summit of Pious Sages
    4. Their Deciding to Send Sage Bhardwaj to Indra
    5. Sage Bhardwaj going to Indra and receiving Ayurveda
    6. Basic Nature of Ayurveda
    7. Significance and Benefit Received by Other Sages from Ayurveda Wisdom

    Second section deals with one of the most important topics in entire Ayurveda – Fundamental Principles of Ayurveda. This is truly the foundation for learning Ayurveda.

    The part introduces the framework that supports all the concepts and later practices of Ayurveda in a cohesive and integral manner. This is like the invisible thread inside the chain of pearls.

    1. Definition of Ayurveda
    2. Defining Life
    3. Fundamental Principles – The Six Substances – Matter, Attributes, Activity, Generality, Differentiation, Inherent Nature
    4. Three Doshas – Vata, Pitta and Kapha
    5. Three Primary Attributes – Satva, Rajas, Tamas

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    ” Atha Caturdaśoyāyaḥ”

    1st verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Athātaḥ svedādhyāyaṃ vyākhyāsyāmaḥ || 1|”

    2nd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Iti smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ || 2||”

    3rd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Athaḥ svedāḥ pravakṣyante yairyāvat prayojitaiḥ | svedasādhyāḥ praśāmyanti gadā gātakaphātmakāḥ || 3||”

    4th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Snahapūrva prayuktena svedenāvajitenile | purīṣamūtraretāṃsi na sajjanti kathaῆcana || 4||”

    5th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Śuṣkāṇyapi hi kāṣṭhāni snehasvedopapādanaiḥ | namayanti yathānyāyaṃ kiṃ punarjivato narān || 15||”

    6th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Rogartuvyādhitāpekṣo nātyuṣṇotimṛdurna ca | dravyavān kalpito deśe svedāḥ kāryakaro mataḥ || 6||”

    7th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Vyādhau śīte śarīre ca mahān svedo mahābale | durbaleḥ durbaleḥ svedo madhyame madhyamo hitaḥ || 7|| “

    8th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Vātaśleṣmaṇi vāte vā kaphe vā sveda iṣyate | snigdharūkṣastathā snigdho rūkṣaścāpyuklpitaḥ || 8||”

    9th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” āmāśayagate vāte kaphe pakvāṣayāśrite | rūkṣapūrvo hitaḥ snehapūrvastathaiva ca || 9||”

    10th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Vṛṣaṇau hṛadyaṃ dṛṣṭī svedayendrdu nauva vā | madhyamaṃ vaṅkṣaṇau śeṣamaṃgāvayavamiṣṭataḥ || 10||”

    11th  verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Suśuddhairnaktakaiḥ piṇḍyā godhūmānāmathāpi vā | pabhotpalapalāśairvā svedhaḥ saṃvṛtya cakṣuṣī || 11||”

    12th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Muktāvalībhiḥ śītābhiḥ śītalairbhājanairapi | jalādrairjalajairhastaiḥ svidhato hradayaṃ spṛaśet || 12||”

    14th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Śītaśūlavyuparame stambhagauravanigrahe | saῆjāte mārdave svede svedanād viratirmatā || 13||”

    14th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Prittaprakopo mūrcchā ca śarīrasadanaṃ tṛṣā | dāhaḥ svedāṃgadaurbalyamatisvinnasya lakṣaṇam || 14||”

    15th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” ūktastasyāśitīye yo graiṣmikaḥ sarvaśo vidhiḥ | sotisvinnasya kartavyo madhurḥ snigdhaśītalaḥ || 15||”

    16th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Kaṣāyamadhanityānāṃ garbhiṇyā raktapittinām | pittināṃ sātisārāṇāṃ rūkṣāṇāṃ madhurmehinām || 16||”

    17th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Vidhagdhabhrṣṭabradhnānāṃ viṣamadhavikāriṇām | śrāntānāṃ naṣṭasaṃῆjānāṃ sthūlānāṃ pittmehinām || 17||”

    Final  verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Tṛaṣyatāṃ kṣudhitānāṃ ca kruddhānāṃ śocatāmapi | kāmalyudariṇāṃ caiva kṣatānāmāḍhyarogiṇām || 18||”

    19th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Durbalātiviśuṣkāṇāmupakṣīṇaujasāṃ tathā |bhiṣak taimirikāṇāṃ ca na svedamavatārayet || 19||”

    20th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Pratiṣyāye ca kāse ca hikkāśvāseṣvalāghave | karṇamanyāṣiraḥśūle svarabhede galagrahe || 20||”

    21st  verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Arditaikāṃgasarvāṃgapakṣāghāte vināmake | koṣṭhānāhavibandheṣu mūtrāghāte vijṛmbhake || 21||”

    22nd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Pāśrvapṛṣṭhikaṭīkukṣisaṅgrahe gṛdhrsīṣu ca | mūtrakṛcchre mahatve ca muṣkayoraṃgamardake || 22||”

    23rd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Pādorūjānujaṃghārtisaṅgrahe śvayathāvapi | kallīṣvāmeṣu śite ca vepathau vātakaṇṭake || 23||”

    24th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Saṃkocāyāmaśūleṣu stambhagauravasuptiṣu | sarvāgeṣu vikāreṣu svedanaṃ hitamucyate || 24||”

    25th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Tilamāṣakulatthāmlāghṛtatailāmiṣaudanaiḥ | pāyasaiḥ kṛaśarairmāsaiḥ piṇḍasvedaṃ prayojayet || 25||”

    26th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Gokharoṣṭravarāhāśvaśakṛdbhiḥ satuṣairyavaiḥ | sikatāpāṃśupāṣāṇakarīṣāyasapūtakaiḥ || 26||”

    27th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Ślaiṣmakān svedayet pūrvervātikān samupācaret | dravyāṇyetāni śasyante yathāsvaṃ prastareṣvapi || 27|| “

    28th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Bhūgrheṣu ca jentākeṣūṣṇāgarbhagrheṣu ca | vidhṛmāṃgāratapteṣu svabhyaktaḥ svidhate sukham || 28||”

    29th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Gramyānūpaidakaṃ māṃsaṃ payo vastaṣirasthatā | varāhamadhyapittāsṛk snehavattilataṇḍulāṃ || 29|| “

    30th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Ityetāni smutkāthya nāḍīsvedaṃ prayojayet | deśakālavibhāgajῆo yuktyapekṣo bhiṣaktaḥ || 30||”

    31st verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Vārūṇāmṛtakairaṇḍaṣigrumūlakasarṣapaiḥ | vāsāvaṃśakaraṇjārkapatrairaśamantakasya ca || 31||”

    32th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Śobhāῆjanakasaireyamālatīsurasārjakaiḥ | patrairūtkvāthya salilaṃ nāḍīsvedaṃ prayojayet || 32||”

    33rd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Pibuyurūttamāṃ mātrām tasyāḥ pāne guṇācchṛṇu | vikārāῆchamayatyeṣā śīghraṃ samyak prayojitā || 33||”

    34th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Eta eva ca niryūhāḥ prayojyā jalakoṣṭhake | savedanārtha dhṛtakṣīratailakoṣṭhāṃśca kārayet || 34||”

    35th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Godhūmaśakalaiścūrṇairyavānāmamlasaṃyutaiḥ | sasnehakiṇvalavaṇairupanāhāḥ praśasyate || 35||”

    36th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Gandhaḥ surāyāḥ kiṇven jīvantyā ṣtapuṣpayā | umayā kuṣṭhatailābhyāṃ yuktayā copanāhayet || 36|| “

    37th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Carmabhiścopanaddhavyaḥ salomabhirapūtibhiḥ | uṣṇavīryeralābhe tu kauṣeyāvikśāṭakaiḥ || 37||”

    38th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Rātro baddhaṃ divā muῆcen rātrau divākṛtam | vidāhaparihārārtha, syāt prakarṣastu śītale || 38||”

    39th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Saṃkaraḥ prastaro nāḍī pariṣekovagāhanam | jentākoṣmaghanaḥ karṣuḥkuṭī bhuḥ kumbhikaiva ca || 39|| “

    40th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Kūpo holāka ityete svedayanti trayodaśa | tān yathāvat pravakṣyāmi sarvānevānupūrvaśaḥ || 40||”

    41st verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Tatra vastrāntaritairavastrāntaritairvā piṇḍairyathoktairūpasvedanaṃ saṃkarasveda iti vidhāt || 41||”

    42nd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Śūkaśamīdhānyapulākānāṃ veśavārapāyasakṛśrotkārikādīnāṃ vā prastare kauśeyāvikottarapracchade paῆcāṃgagulorūbūkārkapatrapracchade vā svabhyaktasarvagātrasya śayānasyopasvedanaṃ prastarasveda iti vidhāt || 42|| “

    43rd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Svedanadravyāṇāṃ punarmūlaphalapatraśuṃgādīnāṃ mṛgaśakunipiśitaśi – raspadādīnamuśṇasvabhāvānāṃ vā yathārhamamlalavaṇasnehopasaṃhitānāṃ mutrakṣīrādīnāṃ vā kumbhyāṃ vāṣpamanudvamantyāmuktavathinānaṃ nāḍayā śareṣīkāvaṃśadalakaraῆjārkapatrānyatamakṛtayā gajāgrhastasaṃsaṃsthānayā vyāmadīrghayā vyāmārdhadīrghāyā vā vyāmacaturbhāgāṣṭabhāgamūlāgrapariṇāhasrotasā sarvato vātaharapatrasaṃvrtacchidrayā dvistrirvā vināmitayā vātaharasiddhasnehābhyaktagātro vāṣpamupaharetaḥ vāṣpo hyanṛjugāmo vihatacaṇḍvegastvacamavidahan sukhaṃ svedayatīti nāḍīsvedaḥ || 43||”

    44th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Vātikottaravātikānāṃ punarmūlādīnāmutkvāthaiḥ sukhoṣṇaiḥ kumbhīrvarṣaṇikāḥ pranāḍīrvā pūrayitvā yathārhasiddhasnehābhyaktagātraṃ vastrāvacchannaṃ pariṣecayediti periṣekaḥ|| 44||”

    45th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Vātaharotkvāthakṣīratailaghṛtapiśitarasoṣṇāsalilakoṣṭhakāvagāhastu yathokta evāvagāhaḥ || 45||”

    46th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Atha jentākaṃ cikīrṣurbhūrmi parīkṣeta-tatra pūrvasyāṃ diśayuttarasyāṃ vā guṇavati praśaste bhūmibhāge kṛṣṇamadhuramṛttike suvarṇamṛttike vā parīvāpapuṣkariṇyādīnāṃ jalāsayānāmanyatamasya kūle dakṣīṇe paścame vā sūpatīrthe samsuvibhaktabhumibhāge, saptāṣṭau vāratnīrūpakramyodakāt prāṅmukhamudaṅamukhaṃ vābhimukhatirtha kutāgāraṃ kārayet, utsedhavistārataḥ paramaratnīḥ ṣodaśa, samantāt suvṛttaṃ mṛtkarmasasmpannamanekavātāyanām, asya kūtāgārasyāntaḥ samantato bhittimaratnivistārotseṃdhā piṇḍikāṃ kārayedākapāṭāt, madhye cāsya kūṭāgārasya catuṣkiṣkumātraṃ purūṣapramāṇaṃ mṛnmayaṃ kandusaṃsthānaṃ bahusūkṣmacchidramaṃgārakoṣṭhakastambhaṃ sapidhānaṃ kārayet taṃ ca khādirāṇāmāśvakarṇādīnaṃ vā kāṣṭhānāṃ pūrayitvā pradipayet; sa yadā jānīyāt sādhudagdhāni kāṣṭhāni vigatadhūmānyavataptaṃ ca kevalamagninā tadagnigṛhaṃ svedayogyena coṣmaṇā yuktamiti, tatrainaṃ purūṣaṃ vātaharabhyaktagātraṃ vastrāvacchannaṃ praveśayet, praveṣayaṃścainamanuśiṣyāt-saumya! Praviśa kalyāṇāyārogyāya ceti, praviṣya caināṃ piṇḍikaiṣā vimauktavyāprāṇocchvāsāt, braṣyamano hyataḥ piṇḍikāvakāśād dvāramanadhigacchan svedamūcchrāparītatayā sadhaḥ prāṇān jahyāḥ , tasmāt piṇḍikāmenāṃ na kathaῆcana muῆcethāḥ, tvaṃ yadā jānīyāḥ vigatābhiṣyandamātmānaṃ samyak prasrutasvedapicchaṃ sarvasrotovimuktaṃ laghūbhūtamapagatavibandhastambhasuptivedanāgauravamiti, tatastāṃ piṇḍīkāmanusaran dvāraṃ prapadhethāḥ, niṣkrmya ca na sahsā cakṣuṣoḥ paripālanārtha śitodakamupaspṛśothāḥ, apagatasaṃtāpaklamastu muhūrtāt sukhoṣṇena vāriṇā yathānyāyaṃ pariṣiktośniyāḥ, iti jentākasvedaḥ || 46||”

    47th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Śayānasya pramāṇena dhanāmaśmamayīṃ ṣilām | tāpayitvā mārūtadhnairdārūbhiḥ sampradipitaiḥ || 47|| “

    48th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Vyapohya varvānaṃgārān prokṣya caivoṣṇavāriṇā | tāṃ śilāmatha kurvīta kaiśaiyāikasaṃstarām || 48||”

    49th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Tasyāṃ svabhyaktasarvāṃgaḥ svapan svidhati na sukham | kauravājinakauśeyaprāvāradhaiḥ susaṃvṛtaṃḥ || 49||”

    50th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Ityuktośamaghanasvedaḥkarṣūsvedaḥ pravakṣyate | khānayecchayanasyādhaḥ karṣū sthānavibhāgavit || 50||”

    51st verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Dīptairadhūmairaṃgāraistāṃ karpū pūrayet tataḥ | tasyāmupari ṣayyāyāṃ svapan svidhati nā sukham || 51||”

    52nd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” anutyutsedhavistārāṃ vṛttākārāmalocanām | dhanabhirtti kutīṃ kṛtvā kuṣṭhādhaiḥ sampralepayet || 52||”

    53rd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” kutīmadhye bhiṣak śayyāṃ svāstīrṇāmupakalpayet | prāvārājinakauśeyakuthakambalagoṇikaiḥ || 53||”

    54th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Hasntikābhiraṃgārapūrṇābhistāṃ ca sarvaśaḥ | parivāryāntarārohedabhyaktaḥ svidhate sukham || 54||”

    55th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Ya evāśmaghanasvedavidhirbhūmau sa eva tu | praśastāyāṃ nivātāyāṃ samāyāmupadiśyate || 55||”

    56th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Na snehyā vartamāneśu na nastobastikarmasu | snehapānāt prajāyante teṣāṃ rogāḥ sudārūṇāḥ || 56||”

    57th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Sthāpayedāsanaṃ vāpi nātisāndrapricchadam | atha kumbhyāṃ susantaptān prakṣipedayaso guḍān || 57||”

    58th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Pāṣāṇān voṣmaṇā ten tatsthaḥ svidhati nā sukham | susaṃvṛatāṃgaḥ svabhyaktaḥ snehairanilanāśanaiḥ || 58 ||”

    59th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” kūpaṃ śayanvistāraṃ dviguṇaṃ cāpi vedhataḥ | deśe nivāte śaste ca kuryādantaḥ sumārjitam || 59||”

    60th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Hastyaśvagokharoṣtrāṇāṃ karīṣairdagdhapūrite | svavacchannaḥ susaṃstīrṇebhyaktaḥ svadhati nā sukham || 60||”

    61st verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Dhītīkāṃ tu karīṣāṇāṃ yathoktānāṃ pradīpayet | śayanāntaḥpramāṇena śyayāmupari tatra ca || 61||”

    62nd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” sudagdhāyāṃ vidhūmāyāṃ yathoktāmupakalpayet | svavacchannaḥ spapaṃstatrābhyaktaḥ svidhati na sukham || 62||”

    63rd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Holākasveda ityeṣa sukhaḥ prokto maharṣiṇā | iti trayodaśavidhaḥ svedhogniguṇasaṃśrayaḥ || 63||”

    64th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Vyāyām uṣṇasadanaṃ gurūprāvaraṇaṃ kṣudhā | bahupānaṃ bhayakrodhāvupanāhāhavātapāḥ || 64||”

    65th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Svedayanti daśaitāni naramagniguṇādṛte | ityukto dvividhaḥ svedaḥ saṃyuktogniguṇairna ca || 65||”

    65th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14<

    ” Ekāṃgasarvāgagataḥ snigdho rūkṣastathaiva ca | ityetat trividhaṃ dvandvaṃ svedamudiśya kīrtitam || 66||”

    67th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Snigdhaḥ svedairūpakramyaḥ svinnaḥ pathyāśano bhavet | tadahaḥ svinnagātrastu vyāyāmaṃ varjyennaraḥ|| 67||”

    68th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Svedo yathā kāryakaro hito yebhyaśca yadvidhaḥ | yatra deśe yathā yogyo deṣo rakṣyaśca yo yathā || 68||”

    69th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Svinnātisvinnarūpāṇi thātisvinnabheṣajam | asvedhāḥ svedayogyāśca svedadravyāṇi kalpanā || 69||”

    70th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Trayodaśavidhaḥ svedo vinā daśavidhogninā | saṅgraheṇa ca ṣaṭ svedāḥ svedādhyāye nirśitāḥ || 70|| “

    71st verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Svedādhikare yadvācyamuktametanmaharṣiṇā | śiṣyaistu pratipattavyamupadeṣṭā punarvasuḥ || 71||”

    Final  verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 14

    ” Ityagniveśakṛte tantre carakapratisaṃskṛte sūtrasthāne kalpanācatuṣke svedādhyāyo nām caturdaśodhyāyaḥ || 14||”

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    Continuing Education Unit

    [text_block style=”style_1.png” align=”left”]Mentored Unit[/text_block]

    End of Chapter 1. Back to Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana. Chapter 2.

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