12th Chapter Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana

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    Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana

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    Chapter One Overview

    The initial part of First Chapter begins with prayers and introduces the Divine Lineage of the wisdom of Ayurveda.

    This describes how ancient sages noticed the increasing tendency of attracting disorders in common people and then held a symposium in Himalayan region and decided to bring Ayurveda wisdom for the masses.

    This section can be further divided into these subsections…

    1. General Introduction of Chapter
    2. The Divine Lineage of Ayurveda
    3. The Himalayan Summit of Pious Sages
    4. Their Deciding to Send Sage Bhardwaj to Indra
    5. Sage Bhardwaj going to Indra and receiving Ayurveda
    6. Basic Nature of Ayurveda
    7. Significance and Benefit Received by Other Sages from Ayurveda Wisdom

    Second section deals with one of the most important topics in entire Ayurveda – Fundamental Principles of Ayurveda. This is truly the foundation for learning Ayurveda.

    The part introduces the framework that supports all the concepts and later practices of Ayurveda in a cohesive and integral manner. This is like the invisible thread inside the chain of pearls.

    1. Definition of Ayurveda
    2. Defining Life
    3. Fundamental Principles – The Six Substances – Matter, Attributes, Activity, Generality, Differentiation, Inherent Nature
    4. Three Doshas – Vata, Pitta and Kapha
    5. Three Primary Attributes – Satva, Rajas, Tamas

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    ” Atha Dvādaśodhyāyaḥ”

    1st verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 12

    ” Athāto vātakalākalīyamadhyāyaṃ vyākhyāsyāmaḥ || 1||”

    2nd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 12

    ” Iti smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ || 2||”

    3rd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 12

    ” vātakalākalājῆānamadhikṛtya parasparamatāni jijῆvsamānāḥ smupaviśya maharṣayāḥ papracchuranyonyaṃkiṃ guṇo vāyuḥ kimasaya prakopaṇam, upaśamanāni vāsya kāni, kathaṃ cainamasaṃghātavantamanavasthitamanāsādha prakopaṇāpraśamanāni prakopayanti praśamyanti vā; kāni cāsya kupitākupitasya sarīrāśarīracarasya śarīreṣu carataṃ karmāṇi bahiḥśarīrebhyo veti || 3||”

    4th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 12

    ” Atrovāca kuśaḥ sāṅkutyāyanaḥ rūkṣalaghuśītadārūṇakharaviśadaḥ ṣaḍime vātaguṇā bhavanti || 4||”

    5th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 12

    ” Tacchrutvā kākyaṃ kumāraśirā bharadvāja uvāca-evametad yathā bhagavānāha, eta eva vātaguṇā bhavanti, sa tvevaṃguṇairevaṃdravyairevaṃprabhāvaiśca karmabhirabhyasyamānairvāyuḥ prakopamāpadhate, samānaguṇābhyāso hi dhātūnāṃ vṛaddhikāraṇamiti || 5||”

    6th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 12

    ” Tacchrutvā vākyaṃ kāṃkāyano vāhvīkabhiṣaguvāca-evametad yathā bhagavānāhāh, etānyeva vātaprakopāṇāni bhavanti, ato viparītāni vātasya praśamanāni bhavanti. Prakopaṇaviparyayo hi dhātūnāṃ praśamakāraṇamiti || 6||”

    7th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 12

    ” Tacchrutavā vākayaṃ baḍiśo dhāmārgava uvāca-etametad yathā bhagavānāha, etānyeva vātaprakopapraśamanāni bhavanti | yathā hyenamasaṃghātamanavasthitamanāsadha prakopaṇapraśamanāni prakopayanti praśamayanti vā, tathānuvyākhyāsyāmaḥ-vātaprakopaṇāni khalu rukṣalaghuśītadāruṇakharaviśadaśuṣirakarāṇi, śarīraṇāṃ, tathāviśeṣu śarīreṣu vāyurāśrayaṃ gatvāpyāyamānaḥ prakopamāpadhate; vātapraśamanāni punaḥ sinagdhagurūśṇaśalakṣṇamṛdu picchilaghanakarāṇi śarīrāṇāṃ tathāvidheśu vāyurasatyamānaścaran praśāntimāpadhate || 7|| “

    8th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 12

    “Tacchrutvā baḍiśavacanamavitathamṛṣigaṇairanumatamuvāca vāryovido rājarṣiḥ evametat sarvamanapavādaṃ yathā bhagavānāha | yāni tu khalu vāyoḥ kupitākupitasya śarīrāśarīracarasya sarīreṣu carataḥ karmāṇi bahiḥśarīrebhyo vā bhavanti, teṣāmavayavān pratyakṣānumānopadeśaiḥ sādhiyatvā namaskṛtya vāyave yathāsakti pravakṣyāmaḥvāyustantrayantradharaḥ; prāṇodānasamānavyānāpānātmā, pravatrakaśceṣṭānāmuccāvacānāṃ niyantā, praṇetā ca manasaḥ, sarvendriyāṇamudhojakaḥ, sarvaśarīradhātuvyūhakaraḥ, sandhānakaraḥ śarīrasya, pravartako prakṛtiḥ sparśaśabdayoḥ, śrotrasparśanayormūlaṃ, harṣotsāhayoryoniḥ samīraṇogneḥ, doṣasaṃśoṣaṇaḥ, kṣeptā bahirmalāṇāṃ, sdhūlāṇusrotasāṃ bhettā, kartā garbhākṛtīnām, āyuṣonuvṛttipratyayabhūto bhavatyakupitaḥ | Kupitastu khalu śarīre śarīraṃ nānāvidhairvikārairūpatapati balavarṇasukhāyuṣāmupaghātāya; mano vyāharṣyati, sarvendriyāṇyupahanti, vinihanti garbhan vikṛtimāpādayatyatikālaṃ vā dhārayati, bhayaṣokamohadainyātipralāpāῆjapayati, prāṇāṃścoparuṇaddhi | Prakṛtibhūtasya khalvasya loke carataḥ karmāṇīmāni bhavanti, tadhathādharaṇīdhāraṇaṃ jvalanojjvālanam, ādityacandranakṣatragrahaṇānāṃ santānagatividhānaṃ, sṛṣṭiśca medhānām apāṃ visargaḥ, pravartanaṃ srotasāṃ puṣpaphalānāṃ cābhinirvartanam, udbhedanaṃ caudbhidānām, ṛtūnāṃ pravibhāgaḥ vibhāgo dhātūnāṃ dhātumānasaṃsthānavyaktiḥ, bījābhisaskāṃraḥ, śasyābhivardhanamavikledopaśoṣaṇe avaikārikavikāraśceti | prakutitasya khalvasya lokeṣu carataḥ karmāṇimāni bhavanti; tadhathā – śikhariśikharāvamanthanam, unmathanamanokahānām, utpīḍanaṃ sāgarāṇām, udvartanaṃ sarasāṃ, pratisaraṇamāpagānām, ākampanaṃ ca bhūmeḥ, ādhamanamambudānāṃ, nīhāranirhrādapāṃśusikatāmatsyabhekoragakṣārarūdhirāśmāśani- visargaḥ, vyāpādanaṃ ca ṣaṣṇāmṛtunāṃ, śasyānāmasaṃghātaḥ, bhūtānāṃ copasargaḥ, bhāvānāṃ cābhāvakaraṇaṃ, caturyaugāntakarāṇāṃ medhasūryānalānilanāṃ visargaḥ | sa hi bhagavān prabhavaśrvyayaśca, bhūtānāṃ bhāvābhāvakaraḥ, sukhāsukhyorvidhātā, mṛtyuḥ, yamaḥ, niyantā, prajāpatiḥ, aditiḥ, viśvakarmā, viśvarūpaḥ, sarvatantrāṇāṃ vidhātā; bhāvānāmaṇuḥ, vibhuḥ, viṣṇuḥ ,krāntā lokānāṃ, vāyureva bhagavāniti || 8||”

    9th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 12

    ” Tacchrutvā varyovidavaco marīcirūvāca-yadhapyevametat, kimarthasyāsya vacane vijῆāne vā sāmarthyamasti bhiṣagvidhāyāṃ bhiṣagvidhāmadhikṛtyeyaṃ kathā pravatteti || 9||”

    10th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 12

    ” vāryovida uvāca-bhiṣak pavanamatibalamatiparūṣamatiśīghrakāriṇamātyayikaṃ cennānuniśamyet, sahasā prakupitamatiprayataḥ kathamagrebhirakṣitumabhidhāsyati prāgevainamatyayabhayāt;vāyoryathārthā stutirapi bhavatyārogyāya balavarṇavivṛddhaye varcasvatvāyopacayāya jῆānopapattye paramāyuḥprakarṣāya ceti || 10|| ||

    11th  verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 12

    ” Marīcirūvāca- -agnireva śarīre pittāntargataḥ kupitākupitaḥ śubhāśubhāni karoti; tadhathāpaktimapaktiṃ darśanamadarśanaṃ mātrāmātratvamūṣmaṇaḥ prakṛtivikṛtivarṇo śairya bhayaṃ krodhaṃ harṣa mohaṃ prasādāmityevamādini cāparāni dvandvānīti

    || 11||”

    12th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 12

    ” Tacchrutvā marīcivacaḥ kāpya uvāca-soma eva śarīre śleṣmāntargataḥ kupitākupitaḥ śubhāśubhāni karoti; tadhthā-daḍharya śaithilyamupacayaṃ kāśryamutsāhamālasyaṃ vṛṣatāṃ klībatāṃ jῆānamajῆānaṃ burddhi mohamityevamādīni cāparāṇi dvandvānīti || 12||”

    13th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 12

    ” Tacchrutvā kāpyavaco bhagavān punarvasurātreya uvāca- -sarvaeva bhavantaḥ samyagāhuranyatraikāntikavacanāt; sarva eva khalu vātapittaśleṣmāṇāḥ prakṛtibhūtāḥ purūṣamavyāpannendriyaṃ balavarṇasukhopapannamāyuṣā mahatopapādayanti samyagevāciritā darmārthakāmā iva vikrtimāpannā lokamaśubhenopadhātakāla iti || 13||”

    14th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 12

    ” Tadṛṣayaḥ sarva evānumenire vacanamātreyasya bhagavataḥ, abhinananduśceti || 14|| “

    15th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 12

    ” Tadātreyavacaḥ śrutvā sarva evānumenire | ṛṣayobhinananduśca yathendravacanaṃ surāḥ || 15||”

    16th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 12

    ” Guṇāḥ ṣaṅ dvividho heturvividhaṃ karma yatpunaḥ | vāyoścaturvidhaṃ karma pṛthak ca kaphapittayoḥ || 16||”

    17th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 12

    ” Maharṣiṇāṃ matiryā yā punrvasumatiśca yā | kalākalīye vātasya tat sarva samprakāśitam || 17||”

    Final  verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 12

    ” Itiyagniveśakṛte tantre carakapratisaṃsakṛte sūtrasthāne nirdeśacatuṣke vātakalākalīyo nāma dvādaśodhyāyaḥ || 12||”

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    Continuing Education Unit

    [text_block style=”style_1.png” align=”left”]Mentored Unit[/text_block]

    End of Chapter 1. Back to Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana. Chapter 2.

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