10th Chapter Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana

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    Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana

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    Chapter One Overview

    The initial part of First Chapter begins with prayers and introduces the Divine Lineage of the wisdom of Ayurveda.

    This describes how ancient sages noticed the increasing tendency of attracting disorders in common people and then held a symposium in Himalayan region and decided to bring Ayurveda wisdom for the masses.

    This section can be further divided into these subsections…

    1. General Introduction of Chapter
    2. The Divine Lineage of Ayurveda
    3. The Himalayan Summit of Pious Sages
    4. Their Deciding to Send Sage Bhardwaj to Indra
    5. Sage Bhardwaj going to Indra and receiving Ayurveda
    6. Basic Nature of Ayurveda
    7. Significance and Benefit Received by Other Sages from Ayurveda Wisdom

    Second section deals with one of the most important topics in entire Ayurveda – Fundamental Principles of Ayurveda. This is truly the foundation for learning Ayurveda.

    The part introduces the framework that supports all the concepts and later practices of Ayurveda in a cohesive and integral manner. This is like the invisible thread inside the chain of pearls.

    1. Definition of Ayurveda
    2. Defining Life
    3. Fundamental Principles – The Six Substances – Matter, Attributes, Activity, Generality, Differentiation, Inherent Nature
    4. Three Doshas – Vata, Pitta and Kapha
    5. Three Primary Attributes – Satva, Rajas, Tamas

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    ” Atha Daśamodhyāyaḥ “

    1st verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 10

    ” Athāto mahācatuṣpādamadhyāyaṃ vyākhyāsyāmaḥ || 1||”

    2nd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 10

    ” Iti ha smāha bhagavānātreyaḥ || 2||”

    3rd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 10

    ” Catuṣpādaṃ śoḍaśakalaṃ bheṣajamiti bhiṣajo bhāṣante, yaduktaṃ pūrvādhyāye ṣoḍaśaguṇamiti, tadbheṣajaṃ yuktiyuktamalamārogyāyeti bhagavān punarvasurātreyaḥ || 3||”

    4th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 10

    ” Neti maitreyaḥ, kiṃ kāraṇaṃ ? dṛśayante hyāturāḥ kecidupakaraṇavantaśca paricārakasampannāścātmavantaśca kauśalaiśca bhiṣagbhiranuṣṭhitāḥ samuttiṣṭhamānāḥ, tathāyuktāścāpare mriyamāṇāḥ, tasmād bheṣajamakiῆcitkaraṃ bhavati; tadhathā-śvaibhre sarasi vā prasiktamalpamudakaṃ, nadhāṃ vā syandamānāyāṃ pāṃsudhāne vā paṃsuṃuṭiḥ prakīrṇa iti; tathāpare dṛśyantenupakaraṇāścāparicārakāścākuśalaiśca bhiṣagbhiranuṣṭhatāḥ samuttiṣṭhamānāḥ, tathāyuktā miyamāṇāścāpare | yataśca pratikurvan sidhyati, pratikurvan mriyate; apratikurvan sidhyati, pratikurvan mriyate; tataścintyate bheṣajamabheṣajenāviśiṣṭamiti
    || 4||”

    5th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 10

    ” Maitreya ! mithyā chintyata ityātreyaḥ, kiṃ karaṇaṃ, ye hyāturāḥ ṣoḍaśaguṇasamuditenānena bheṣajenopapadhamanā mriyante iteyuktaṃ tadanupapannaṃ, na hi bheṣajasādhyānāṃ vyādhīnaṃ bheṣajamakāraṇaṃ bhavati; ye punarāturāḥ kevalād bheṣajādṛte samuttiṣṭhante, na teṣāṃ sampurṇabheṣajopapādanāya samutthānaviśeṣo nāsti, yathā hi patitaṃ purūṣṃ samarthamutthānāyotthāpayan purūṣo balamasyopādadhyāt, sa kṣiprataramaparikliṣṭa evottiṣṭhet, tadvat sampūrṇabheṣajopalambhādāturāḥ, ye cāturāḥ kevalad bheṣajādapi mriyante, na ca sarva eva te bheṣajopapannāḥsamuttiṣṭheran, nahi sarve sarve vyādhayo bhavantyupāyasādhyāḥ, na copayasadhyānāṃ vyādhīnāmanupāyen siddhirasti, na cāsādhyānāṃ vyādhīnāṃ bheṣajasamudāyoyamasti, na hyalaṃ jῆānavān bhiṣaṅamumūrṣamāturamutthāpayituṃ, parīkṣyakāriṇo hi kuśalā bhavanti, yathā hi yogajῆobhyāsanitya iṣvāso danurādāyeṣumasyannātiviprakṛṣṭe mahati kāye nāparādhavān bhavati, sampādayati cheṣṭakārya, tathā bhiṣak svaguṇasaṃpanna upakaraṇavān vīkṣya karmārabhamāṇaḥ sādhyarogamanaparādhaḥ sampādayatyevāturamārogyeṇa; tasmānna bheṣajamabheṣajenāviśiṣṭaṃ bhavati || 5||”

    6th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 10

    ” Idaṃ cedaṃ ca naḥ pratyakṣaṃ yadanātureṇā bheṣajenāturaṃ cikitsāmaḥ kṣāmamakṣāmeṇa kṛśa ca durbalamāpyāyayāmaḥ, sthūlaṃ medasvinamapatarpayāmaḥ śitenoṣṇābhibhūtamṛpacarāmaḥ, śītābhibūtamuṣṇena, nyūnān dhatūn pūrayāmaḥ, vyatiriktān hrāsayāmaḥ, vyādhīn mūlaviparyayeṇopacarantaḥ samyak prakṛtau sthāpayāmaḥ, teṣāṃ nastathā kurvatāmayaṃ bheṣajasamudāyaḥ kāntatamo bhavati || 6||”

    7th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 10

    ” Sādhyāsādhyavibhāgajῆo jῆānapūrva cikitsakaḥ | kāle cārabhate karma yatatṛ sādhayati dhruvam ||7||”

    8th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 10

    ” Artha vidhā yaśo hānimupakrośamasaṅagraham | prāpnuyānniyataṃ vaidho yosādhyaṃ samupācaret || 8||”

    9th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 10

    ” Sukhasādhayaṃ mataṃ sādhayaṃ kṛcchrasādhyamathāpi ca | dvividhaṃ cāpyāsādhyaṃ syād yāpyaṃ yaccvānupakrmam|| 9||”

    10th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 10

    ” Sādyānāṃ trividhaścālpamadhyamotkṛṣṭatāṃ prati| vikalpo na tvasādhyānāṃ niyatānaṃ vikalpanā || 10||

    11th  verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 10

    ” Hetavaḥ pūrvarūpāṇi rūpāṇyalpāni yasya ca | na ca tulyaguṇo dūṣyo na doṣḥ prakṛtirbhavet || 11||”

    12th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 10

    ” Na ca kālaguṇastulyo na deṣo durūpakramaḥ | gatirekā navatvaṃ ca rogasyopadravo na ca || 12||”

    13th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 10

    ” Doṣaścaikaḥ samutpattai dehaḥ sarvaiṣadhakṣamaḥ | catuṣpādopapattiśca sukhasādhyasya lakṣaṇam || 13||”

    14th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 10

    ” Nimittpūrūpāṇāṃ rūpāṇāṃ madhyame bale | kālaprakṛtidūṣyāṇāṃ sāmānyenyatamasya ca || 14||”

    15th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 10

    ” Garbhiṇīvṛddhabālānāṃ nātyupadravapīḍitam | śastrakṣārāgnikṛtyānāmanavaṃ kṛcchradeśajam || 15||”

    16th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 10

    ” Vidhādekapathaṃ rogaṃ nātipūrṇacatuṣpadam | dvipathaṃ nātikālaṃ vā kṛcchrsādhyaṃ dvidośajam || 16||”

    17th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 10

    ” Śeṣatvādāyuṣo yāpyamasādhyaṃ pathyasevayā | labdhālpasukhamalpen hetunāśupravartakam || 17||”

    18th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 10

    ” Gambhīraṃ bahudhātusthaṃ marmasandhisamāśitam | nityānuśāyinaṃ rogaṃ dirghakālamavasthitam || 18||”

    19th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 10

    ” Vidhād dvidoṣajam tadvata pratyākhyeyaṃ tridoṣajam | kriyāpathamatikrāntaṃ sarvamārgānusāriṇam || 19||”

    20th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 10

    ” Autsukyāratisammohakaramindriyanāśanam | durbalasya susaṃvṛddhaṃ vyādhiṃ sārīṣṭameva ma || 20||”

    21st  verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 10

    ” Bhiṣajā prāk parīkṣyaivaṃ vikārāṇāṃ svalakṣaṇam | paścat karmasamārambhaḥ kārya sādhyeṣu dhīmatā || 21||”

    22nd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 10

    ” Sādhyāsādhyavibhāgajῆoyaḥ samyakpratipattimān | na sa maitreyatulyānāṃ mithyāburddhi prakalpayet || 22||”

    23rd verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 10

    ” Ihaiṣadhaṃ pādaguṇāḥ prabhavo bheṣajāśrayaḥ | ātreyamaitreyamatī matidvaividhyaniścayaḥ || 23||”

    24th verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 10

    ” Caturvidhavikalpāśca vyādhayaḥ svasvalakṣaṇāḥ | uktā mahācatuṣpāde yeṣvāyattaṃ bhiṣagjitam || 24||”

    Final  verse - Charaka Samhita Sutra Chapter 10

    ” Ityagniveśakṛte tantre carakapratisaṃskṛte sūtrasthane nirdeśacatuṣke mahācatuṣpādo nāma daṣamodhyāyaḥ || 10||”

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    Continuing Education Unit

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    End of Chapter 1. Back to Charaka Samhita Sutra Sthana. Chapter 2.

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